Approaching various causes of stress hidden in our daily life




Types of stressors

Life events and stress

Life events and stress of Japanese workers

Daily hustle and stress

summary

In today’s stressed society, we are experiencing stress in a variety of environments, including work, school, and home. Because stress is invisible, you need to be careful not to accumulate too much, and proper coping with stress is essential before excessive stress can damage your physical and mental health.

To do this, you will need to know what causes stress. In this article, I would like to introduce various causes of stress hidden in our daily life, that is, stressors.

Types of stressors

In addition to these, psychological and social stressors are considered to be important in human studies. Psychological and social stressors are stressors that we face in our daily social life, such as relationships, family problems, and work problems.

Much of what we usually call “stress” can be attributed to this psychological and social stressor. Therefore, this time we will focus on psychological and social stressors among various stressors.

Life events and stress

Psychologists Holmes and Ray study the relationship between various events in life (= events that can be stressors) and stress processes, and make significant changes in life, or life, before patients develop illness. Revealed that he was experiencing an event (Holmes & Rahe, 1967).

They surveyed 5,000 patients about significant life events over the last decade. Specifically, when the stress level due to “marriage” was set to 50 points. The degree of stress felt by an individual for other items was self-evaluated in the range of 0 to 100 points, and the average score for each item was calculated.

The study found that 79% of people who experienced more than 300 events during the year complained of some illness the following year this research.. Method is also called the life event method And has been subjected to many additional tests and applications since then, and is highly regarded as a method for measuring stressors.

So what kind of life events do you actually experience in a year that puts stress at risk? Figure 2

 Shows some typical life events and examples of stress scores.

This is just an example, but since there is a criterion that if the total score of the event experienced in one year is 260 points or more.You need to be careful, and if it is 300 points or more, you must respond. so you will experience this much life event in one yearThen there is a risk that the stress condition will be very high.

Holmes et al. Take up 43 life events, showing that separation from close friends, such as family death, divorce, and child independence, can be a significant stressor for us. Changes in employment and economic conditions can also be considered to cause stress on our minds and bodies.

Moreover, the negative events mentioned above are not the only life events that are thought to be related to stress. Positive events such as marriage, childbirth, and employment have also proved to be stressors at times.

This is because if a life event changes the circumstances surrounding an individual, the parties will have to change their habits and lifestyle patterns in order to adapt to the new situation. Regardless of whether the content is good or bad.

The more life events you experience in a short period of time, the more energy you spend on adapting to the environment and therefore the greater the risk of physical and mental imbalance.

However, Holmes et al.’S research was done in the United States more than 40 years ago, so some may no longer fit the senses of modern people. Also, because the main subject of Holmes et al.’S research was not workers, items related to work life were not considered so much.

Life events and stress of Japanese workers

Therefore, Natsume et al. (1988) created a stress survey table for 1,630 Japanese workers, adding 18 stressors related to work life to the 43 stressors taken up by Holmes et al.

The method of evaluating the stress score is the same as that of Holmes et al.’S research, and the criteria for caution and necessity are set based on the total score of the events  experienced in one year.

As a result of the research, in the stress questionnaire prepared by Natsume et al.There are 27 items that exceed. The stress score Of “marriage (50 points)” and the characteristic is that the ratio of items.

Related to work life is high (For example: 2nd place “company bankruptcy (74 points)”, 6th place “change company (64 points)”.10th place “work mistake (61 points)”, 11th place “change of job (61 points)” )”Such).

Furthermore, in 2012, the research group of Netsuke et al.Conducted a survey report on “Survey Research on Stress Assessment”. Targeting 10,494 workers nationwide and in all industries (Natsume et al,2012). In this survey, new items were added to stressors for workers and existing items were reexamined due to changes in the economic situation, employment system, work environment, etc. in Japan.

Regarding the stress score

we asked the survey participants whether they had experienced each stressor in their half-year life, and if they answered “experienced”. They said “how much stress did they feel (or how much stress did they feel?” Do you feel it?) ”Was evaluated on an 11-point scale (0-10 points), and the average score is calculated for each item.

As a result, items such as “severe harassment, bullying, or assault (7.1 points)”. And “forced retirement (6.5 points)” showed high stress scores, and “more than 140 hours a month”. Items such as “I worked overtime (including holiday work) (6.3 points)”, “I had trouble with my boss (6.2 points). I received sexual harassment (5.6 points)” are stressors in my work life. It is listed as.

In particular, long working hours and harassment are already well known as problems in society as a whole. But it can be said that the research results of Natsume et al. Have shown that they are stressors that increase the stress of workers.

Daily hustle and stress

On the other hand some studies point out that there is not always a deep relationship. Between major events in life and health status.

For example, Lazarus & Cohen (1977) find that daily hustle is more of a physical and mental distress than a significant event that we rarely experience in our daily lives, such as a life event. It claims to be important in considering the negative effects.

A daily hustle is a stressor that causes negative emotions and is repeatedly. Experienced in daily life, such as. The other person is late for the meeting time” or “being pushed by a crowded train and getting frustrated”.

The stress caused by daily hustle is not as strong as life events. In other words, because you are less aware that you are experiencing stress. You may have accumulated the stress of your daily hustle without even realizing it.

Some have reported that daily hustle is better at predicting our physical and mental health than life events (Kenner et al., 1981).

Above all, the daily hustle is hard to list one by one. Therefore, we will try to negotiate with the parties for things that can be solved by daily hustle involving others, and conversely, for things. That are difficult to solve, we will try to diligently dissipate the stress caused by it, etc. Let’s go.

In any case, it is important not to get caught up in the “unpleasant mood” at that time.

Summary

So far, we’ve looked at the various stressors involved in our physical and mental health.In particular. Psychological and social stressors are becoming more complex and diversified year by year due to changes in the environment and social conditions surrounding us.

Therefore, when individuals and companies consider stress countermeasures.It is indispensable to take measures to reduce or eliminate stressors that cause stress, as well as to deal with stress itself.

However, even if you experience the same stressor, the degree of stress you feel depends on your personal attributes such as gender and age as well as your cultural and social background.At the same time, whether or not it leads to subsequent illness will change depending on the high critical value (= stress tolerance) of how much stress can be tolerated.

In other words, life events and daily irritation can lead to obstacles and disabilities. Only when the evaluation of them exceeds the critical value of each individual.

Therefore, what kind of psychosocial stressors can be considered. In order for each of us to maintain a higher quality of health how individuals perceive them, and how much stress they bring. It can be said that it is important to grasp properly.

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