Some of the medications for Multiplesclerosis can be taken at home. There are benefits and possible side effects for each type.

There are a variety of treatments for MS designed to:

  • How the disease progresses should be changed.
  • manage the relapses
  • Help with symptoms.
  • Improve your quality of life.

Medications for MS, also called disease-modifying therapies (DMTs), fall into three categories:

It can be hard to decide which treatment to try first. A doctor can help you decide if the pros and cons of each are worth the trouble.

Here are more information on each type of medication.

You can give your own multiplesclerosis medications by injection. A healthcare professional can teach you how to inject yourself.

The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved the following Self-injectable. medications for MS treatment:

  • glatiramer acetate (Copaxone, Glatopa), which is available in either a 20- or 40-mg dose
  • The interferon alpha-1a is called Rebif.
  • The interferon alpha-1b is a drug.
  • Ofatumumab is a drug.
  • peg Interferon is called peg Interferon.

You can either inject the drug directly into the muscle or through the skin. Injections may involve a needle or pen.

The frequency of injections ranges from daily (for some people taking Copaxone or Glatopa) to once per month (for people who’ve taken Kesimpta for at least 3 weeks).

Who should take them?

If you’re comfortable self-injecting and prefer not to take It was oral.medications daily, injectable treatments might be a good choice for you.

Side effects and safety

The side effects of most drugs are manageable.

Side effects can include things.

  • It is a pain.
  • swelling
  • There are skin reactions at the injection site.
  • Symptoms of the flu.
  • The test for the liver has some abnormality.

If you experience side effects, a doctor may recommend the following strategies that can help, according to the Multiple Sclerosis Association of America (MSAA).

  • The injection sites are being rotating.
  • Taking your injections at night or on weekends will help you avoid symptoms during the work week.
  • The needle size is decreasing.
  • It is time to switch to an auto-injectable.
  • icing the injection site beforehand to reduce It is a pain. and swelling
  • taking an over-the-counter (OTC) It is a pain. reliever, such as acetaminophen (Tylenol) to help alleviate flu-like symptoms

Daclizumab (Zinbryta) is an injectable medication that had previously been used to treat MS. Its manufacturers voluntarily removed it from the global market in 2018 due to safety concerns, including reports of severe liver damage and anaphylaxis.

Infusion medications are given intravenously (through a needle) in a clinical setting. You cannot take them at home, so you must be able to get to The person is infused with something. appointments.

The FDA-approved The person is infused with something. medications for MS include:

  • Alemtuzumab is a drug.
  • Novantrone is a drug called mitoxantrone.
  • Tysabri is a natalizumab.
  • ocrelizumab is a drug.

The schedules for The person is infused with something. medications vary:

Who should take them?

If you want a healthcare professional to help you administer your medication or do not want to take pills every day, The person is infused with something. medications might be a good choice for you.

Side effects and safety

Common side effects include:

  • nausea
  • There is a throbbing head.
  • The abdominal area is very tender.
  • There is a high degree of fever.
  • There is a process of flushing.
  • rash at the The person is infused with something. site

In rare cases, these medications may cause serious side effects such as infection and heart damage. You can also ask a doctor about taking certain medications before your The person is infused with something. sessions, such as antihistamines, There is a high degree of fever.-reducers (antipyretics), and anti-nausea drugs (antiemetics), to help prevent or alleviate side effects.

If you have asthma, a doctor will ask you to bring your rescue inhaler with you to your The person is infused with something. appointment. If you are of childbearing age, you may also be counseled on using birth control to help prevent potential birth irregularities that The person is infused with something. medications may cause.

A doctor will help you decide if you should take the drugs.

If you prefer, you may be able to take your MS medication in pill form.

One 2015 study that evaluated preferences for various MS medication receiving routes reported a strong preference for daily It was oral.medications due to ease of use. However, there are also potential risks and side effects, which you can discuss with a doctor.

The FDA-approved It was oral.MS medications include:

  • cladribine is a cladribine
  • dimethyl fumarate is a drug.
  • dimethyl fumarate is a drug.
  • diroximel fumarate is a type of intoxication.
  • Fingolimod is a drug.
  • Bafiertam is a monomethyl fumarate.
  • ozanimod is a drug.
  • ponesimod is a drug.
  • siponimod is a drug
  • Aubagio is a teriflunomide.

Aubagio, Gilenya, Mayzent, Ponvory, and Zeposia are taken once per day. Tecfidera and Bafiertam are taken twice daily.

In your first week on Vumerity, you’ll take one pill twice daily. Afterward, you’ll take two pills twice per day.

Mavenclad is a short-course therapy. Over the course of 2 years, you’ll have either 16 or 20 treatment days. On your treatment days, your dose will consist of either one or two pills. Your weight will determine whether your dose contains one or two pills.

Who should take them?

“If you don’t like needles, oral medications may be a good option.”

Taking your medication as prescribed is important for it to be effective, so you’ll need to follow an organized schedule if you take daily It was oral.doses.

Setting reminders for yourself can help you stick to your schedule.

Side effects and safety

Side effects of It was oral.medications may include:

  • There is a throbbing head.
  • upset stomach
  • The test for the liver has some abnormality.

The doctor may increase the dose of your medication if he or she thinks it will reduce the risk of side effects.

To treat an upset stomach, a doctor may recommend an OTC medication such as Pepto-Bismol. The MSAA suggests it may be helpful to take your DMT with food.

The previously mentioned study on MS treatment preferences also notes that It was oral.medications may not be as effective as other DMTs. However, study participants still overwhelmingly preferred this method due to its ease of use and the reduced risk of immediate side effects compared with other methods.

The ease of use should be considered along with other benefits and possible risks of treatment for the Multiplesclerosis. There is no one-size-fits-all medication for Multiplesclerosis.

Before starting any new It was oral.therapy for MS, a doctor may run certain blood tests to ensure a new medication is safe for you to take. For example, before prescribing Tysabri The person is infused with something.s, a doctor must test you for possible reactivation of the John Cunningham (JC) virus.

The JC virus is relatively common, with most people being exposed to it at some point in their lifetime. It causes no symptoms. But when you have MS, the reactivation of this virus may lead to a rare — but potentially fatal — infection called progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy (PML), which targets white matter in your brain.

Receiving a positive JC virus test does not mean you’ll automatically develop PML. However, it does mean that taking certain DMTs could increase your risk for the condition. Symptoms of PML are similar to those of MS, and may include:

  • weakness
  • clumsiness
  • There are changes in the visual.
  • Speech changes.
  • Changes in your personality.

According to the National Multiple Sclerosis Society and the American Academy of Neurology, no matter what type of MS treatment you and a doctor decide on, it’s also important to keep up with your recommended vaccine schedule, which includes the following vaccines:

  • Covid-19
  • The flu.
  • The disease is called hepatitis B.
  • There are shingles.
  • Psyphilis disease
  • The monkeypox is a disease.
  • There is a vaccine for smallpox.
  • Human papillomaviruses are aviruses
  • Chickenpox is a vaccine-preventable disease.

However, there are a few important considerations that might interfere with the types of vaccines you take, as well as the timing of them. Talk with a doctor about the following exceptions:

  • People with Multiplesclerosis should not take live vaccines while taking DMTs.
  • If you are currently experiencing symptoms of relapse, you should avoid vaccines.
  • “If a person has Multiplesclerosis, they may need to avoid taking vaccines or follow a waiting period before starting their medication. This may affect the vaccine’s effectiveness.”

DMTs are available in different forms, such as Self-injectable., The person is infused with something., and It was oral.treatments. Each form has side effects as well as benefits.

A doctor can help you choose a medication that is right for you based on your symptoms, preferences, and lifestyle. They can help you reduce the potential side effects of treatment.

While it can take 6 to 12 months for a DMT to take full effect, it’s important to tell a doctor if you’re experiencing any side effects or worsening MS symptoms.