There are different brain disorders that can be caused by Illness., Genetics, or injury. Each has different risks, diagnoses and treatment.

Your brain is the center of your body. It is part of the nervous system, which also includes the spine and a large network of nerves and cells. The nervous system controls everything from your senses to your muscles.

Your brain can be damaged and affect many different things. Brain disorders include any condition that affects your brain. This includes conditions that can be caused.

  • Illness.
  • Genetics
  • traumatic injury

This is a broad category of disorders, which have different symptoms and severity. There are some categories of brain disorders.

Brain injuries

Brain injuries are often caused by blunt trauma. Trauma can damage your brain tissue, neurons, and nerves. This damage affects your brain’s ability to communicate with the rest of your body. Examples of brain injuries include:

Examples of the symptoms of a brain injury include:

You may develop later.

Treatment may include:

  • medication
  • Rehabilitation.
  • There is brain surgery.

“Many people with brain injuries need surgery to repair or remove damaged tissue. People with minor brain injuries don’t need any treatment.”

People with brain injuries need rehabilitation. This can include some things.

  • Physical therapy.
  • Speech and language therapy.
  • There are services for the mentally ill.

Brain tumors

Sometimes, tumors form in the brain and can be very dangerous. These are called primary brain tumors. In other cases, cancer somewhere else in your body spreads to your brain. These are called secondary or metastatic brain tumors.

Brain tumors can be either malignant (cancerous) or benign (noncancerous). Doctors classify brain tumors as grades 1, 2, 3, or 4. Higher numbers indicate more aggressive tumors.

The cause of brain tumors is largely unknown. They can occur in people of any age. Symptoms of brain tumors depend on the size and location of the tumor. The most common symptoms of brain tumors are:

The type of treatment you receive depends on a number of factors, such as the size of the tumor, your age, and your overall health. The main types of treatment for brain tumors are.

Neurodegenerative diseases

Your brain and nerves are affected by diseases. They can change your personality. They can also destroy your brain.

Some brain diseases, such as Alzheimer’s disease, may develop as you age. They can slowly impair your memory and thought processes. Other diseases, such as Tay-Sachs disease, are genetic and begin at an early age. Other common neurodegenerative diseases include:

Some of the more common symptoms of neurodegenerative diseases include:

Symptoms of neurodegenerative diseases tend to get worse as the disease progresses. Over time, new symptoms are likely to develop.

There is no cure for neurodegenerative diseases. The goal of treatment is to try to reduce symptoms and help you maintain quality of life. The use of medications is often used to treat your symptoms.

Mental health disorders

Mental health disorders, or mental health conditions, are a large and diverse group of issues that affect your behavior patterns. Some of the most frequently diagnosed mental health disorders are:

The symptoms of mental health conditions can be different. Different people can experience the same disorder. If you notice a change in your behavior, you should talk to your doctor.

The two major types of treatment for mental health conditions are medicationand psychotherapy. Different methods work better for different conditions. Many people find that a combination of the two is the most effective.

If you think you might have a mental health disorder, it’s important to talk and work with a doctor to create a treatment plan that works for you. There are many resources available — do not try to self-medicate.

Anyone can be affected by a brain disorder. Different types of brain disorders have different risk factors.

Traumatic brain injury is most common in children under 4 years old, young adults between ages 15 and 25 years, and older adults ages 65 years and older, according to the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).

Brain tumors can affect people at any age. Your personal risk depends on your Genetics and your exposure to environmental risk factors like radiation.

Older age and family history are the most important risk factors.

Mental health disorders are very common. The National Alliance on Mental Illness (NAMI) reports that about 1 in 5 American adults has experienced a mental health condition. Your risk may be higher if you:

  • Have a family history of mental health issues.
  • Have you had traumatic or stress life experiences?
  • have a history of misusing alcohol or drugs
  • Have you had a traumatic brain injury?

A primary care physician or a neurological specialist can diagnose a brain disorder.

They will likely perform a neurological exam to check your vision, hearing, and balance. They may also get images of your brain to help them make a diagnosis. The most common diagnostic imaging tools are CT, MRI, and PET scans.

Your doctor might need to study the fluid from your brain and spine. This helps them find the bleeding in the brain.

Mental health disorders are usually diagnosed based on an evaluation of your symptoms.

The outlook for people with brain disorders depends on the type and severity of the brain disorder. Some conditions are easily treated with medicationand therapy. For example, millions of people with mental health disorders live full, quality lives.

Other disorders, like neurodegenerative diseases and some traumatic brain injuries, have no cure. People with these conditions may often face permanent changes in their behavior, mental abilities, or coordination. In these cases, treatment centers around helping you manage the Illness. and retain as much independence as possible.