Understanding Cannabis as a Treatment for Ulcerative Colitis and IBD
Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is a chronic condition that affects more than
IBD doesn’t have a cure, and medications aren’t always effective for managing symptoms. In the past several years, scientists have been exploring the effectiveness of cannabis in managing IBD symptoms. The results are still uncertain.
Today, medical uses for cannabis are on the rise for various conditions such as seizures, chronic pain, nausea from chemotherapy, and inflammatory conditions. This is helping cannabis gain wider acceptance.
We will take a closer look at the research behind cannabis use for IBD.
Cannabis is a species of plant that includes a subgroup known as Cannabis sativa, Cannabis indica,and Cannabis ruderalis. Cannabis plants have many complex compounds and properties called cannabinoids. Two of the most studied cannabis compounds are tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) and cannabidiol (CBD). Each has different effects.
The dried flowers, stems, leaves, or seeds of these plants are referred to as “Marijuana”.
Cannabis is the preferred name for this group of plants. This is due to the evolving legal status of cannabis in the United States. It is also to avoid the racist connotations associated with the term.
IBD is a chronic (long-term) condition that can seriously impact your quality of life depending on your symptoms. Scientists still don’t know the exact cause of IBD, but they believe genetics, diet, and environmental influences may all be factors.
“If you have severe symptoms such as abdominal pain, bloody stools, and UC, current treatments for IBD aren’t always effective. Scientists are searching for new therapies to improve peoples long-term outlook.”
There’s still a lot we don’t know about whether
Some important questions are included.
- Which types are beneficial?
- How do they help with IBD symptoms?
- Which forms are best?
- What is known about the risks of long-term use?
For example, a 2020 review of studies of cannabis for IBD found insufficient evidence for the effectiveness and safety of cannabis for managing UC and CD symptoms. More research is needed to understand if cannabis has benefits for UC or CD symptoms and if the long-term complications outweigh the benefits.
Experts believe cannabinoids may work by mimicking the actions of endocannabinoids naturally found in the body. Endocannabinoids attach to two different receptors (CB1 and CB2) in the body and are responsible for many common body functions.
- low appetite
- Difficulty with digestion
- It is pain or cramping.
- low metabolism
However, to date,
Ongoing trials for IBD research
If you want to participate in a clinical trial for IBD research, you can ask your doctor about it.
- Specialty medical homes can help patients with IBD.
- Patients with active IBD are treated with a supplement of vitamins D3 and D3.
- Patients with inflammatory bowel disease should be protected against recurrent Clostridium difficile.
- Inflammation in the bowel disease.
If you qualify for enroll in a clinical study, you should ask your doctor for more information.
Cannabis has many different effects on the body. The effects depend on the type of cannabis (THC or CBD), the amount and strength (level of THC), how it’s consumed (smoked or taken by mouth), other health conditions you may have, other medications you take, and other individual factors.
Short-term effects may include:
- Mood changes.
- The mouth is dry.
- Increased appetite.
- altered perception
- hallucinations (with extremely concentrated levels of THC)
Other side effects with the drug include:
- low blood pressure.
- The heart rate went up.
- Nausea and vomiting are severe.
- Problems with coordination.
- There is confusion.
- There is a lack of lethargy.
- There are problems with memory, thinking and learning.
- sleep problems
- psychosis (with extremely concentrated levels of THC)
- It is a dependence or addiction.
Discussing alternative treatments with a doctor
If you want to try cannabis for IBD symptoms, you should talk to a doctor. They can explain.
There are pros and cons of cannabis.
- There is a difference between medical cannabis and other forms.
- The effects of long-term and short-term use on health.
- Legal status in your state.
Cannabis can interact with your current drugs. Discuss any over-the-counter products you are interested in trying with a doctor or a pharmacist. This includes all drugs.
Having an open conversation with a doctor about your interest in learning about cannabis can help guide you in the right direction. By law, what you tell them must be kept to a minimum.
Cannabis has many different types with many different properties. The strength and type of cannabis can affect its effects. The science behind the beneficial effects of cannabis is not clear.
“The results of research are not consistent when it comes to cannabis’s effects on IBD symptoms. There is still no known effectiveness of cannabis for IBD. More studies are needed before cannabis can be used to treat IBD symptoms.”
It is not an option where you live if cannabis is not legal in your state. A doctor can tell you about new research. They can discuss other factors such as how it may impact your work, safety, and effects of long-term use. Ask them if cannabis is an option.