Leukemia is a group of cancers that develop in blood cells. CLL develops in a type of white blood cell called lymphocytes. The rapid division of lymphocytes can crowd out healthy blood cells. Over time, this can lead to symptoms like:
- Irregular bruise
- There are frequent infections.
“Researchers have identified risk factors that increase your chances of developing CLL, but they don’t know the exact cause. Read on to learn more.”
Potential risk factors for CLL have been identified.
A family history of CLL is the strongest known risk factor. It’s estimated that people with a parent, siblings, or child with CLL have an 8.5 times higher risk of developing CLL than somebody without a family history.
The average age of onset is 72.
Exposure to chemicals
Exposure to certain chemicals can increase your risk of CLL.
One chemical associated with an increased risk of CLL is Agent Orange. This herbicide was used during the Vietnam War to clear leaves and vegetation. Production stopped in the United States in the 1970s.
In a 2018
- Half of veterans exposed to Agent Orange who developed CLL were younger than 60.
- Half of veterans who did not get exposed to Agent Orange were younger than 70.
The researchers found that exposure to Agent Orange was not associated with a poorer outlook.
According to the
Some studies suggest a link between benzene exposure and CLL.
The risk of developing CLL is about
In a 2019
Asian people in the United States have the same rates of CLL as Asian people in Asia. This suggests that genetics play a role in racial differences.
CLL may have different outlooks in different races.
“Researchers don’t know what causes CLL. A combination of genetic and environmental factors is likely to contribute.”
CLL is a form of cancer that develops when genetic changes cause cells to replicate uncontrollably. These cells are a type of white blood cell.
A loss of part of chromosome 13 is the most common genetic mutation in people with CLL. Loss of part of chromosomes 11 or 17 are also common. In some cases, there may be an extra chromosome 12.
Many of the risk factors for CLL, like your genes or biological sex, are out of your control. Most people with CLL have
You may be able to lower your chances of developing CLL by:
- avoiding contact with benzene
- Maintaining a healthy body weight is important.
- Reducing contact with pesticides and herbicides.
- When you come into contact with potentially cancer-causing chemicals, wear protective clothing.
Does having CLL put you at high risk for COVID-19?
Taking precautions, like wearing a mask in public spaces, can help you minimize your chances of developing illness.
What are the common symptoms of CLL?
Symptoms of CLL may not be noticeable in the early stages. It may cause symptoms as it progresses.
- frequent infections
- The breath was very thin.
- Bleeding or bruise.
- There is a high degree of fever.
- The night sweats on.
- It is possible to lose weight unintentionally.
- abdominal swelling or discomfort
- Swelling of the lymph nodes.
What are the treatment options for CLL?
Treatment for CLL depends on factors such as how far along your cancer has progressed and your overall health. Options include:
- watchful waiting
- Therapy for targets.
- The treatment is called Chemo.
- Radiation therapy is done.
- The treatment is called Chemo. with bone marrow transplant
- Clinical trials are testing new treatments.
What’s the most common cause of death in CLL?
In a 2021
|Cause of death in people with CLL||Percentage|
|complications related to disease progression||34.6%|
What’s the outlook for CLL?
CLL is the most common type of leukemia in the US. Researchers have identified some risk factors for CLL.
A family history of CLL is the most important risk factor. Increased age, male sex, and exposure to some chemicals are some of the risk factors.
There are a lot of risk factors for CLL that are not yours to control. Exposure to pesticides and other potentially harmful chemicals may help reduce your chances of developing CLL and other cancer.