Cytomegalovirus (called CMV for short), is a virus in the herpesvirus family. In severe cases, it can cause organ damage and failure. This is especially true for those who are immunocompromised, for example people who’ve had organ transplants or who are living with HIV.

CMV hepatitis is when the CMV virus leads to problems in the body. CMV hepatitis can cause inflammation, failure, and death if left unaddressed.

People with healthy immune systems are less likely to have CMV hepatitis. If you are immunocompromised, you should talk to your doctor about your risk of CMV hepatitis and how to best monitor for any signs or symptoms.

We take a closer look at CMV hepatitis, including its symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment.

CMV is a common virus in the herpesvirus family. Other viruses in this family include Epstein-Barr and chickenpox (varicella).

Most people who become CMV-positive have no long-term health effects. They may have no symptoms at all.

  • There is a high degree of There is a high degree of fever..
  • sore throat.
  • fatigue
  • swollen glands

“CMV goes undetected after initial infections in most people. The virus stays in your cells but doesn’t cause any damage or illness.”

“People with the disease may sometimes excrete the virus in saliva. or There is urine.. This shed doesn’t usually cause symptoms in healthy people. People who are immunocompromised may experience symptoms from shed. The symptoms are treated as a symptom of the disease.”

Dangers of CMV for those with weakened immune systems

The CMV virus can cause damage to different parts of the body if it is spread to people with weakened immune systems.

CMV diseases in people who are immune to them include:

How CMV is transmitted

CMV can be transmitted through bodily fluids. This can include some things.

  • There is urine.
  • saliva.
  • tears
  • semen
  • There is blood.
  • breast milk

CMV can be spread within families and at daycare centers. Babies and children who are healthy show no symptoms after being exposed to an infectious disease.

Hepatitis means inflammation of the liver. The liver helps the body process nutrients, filter the There is blood., and fight infections. Any damage or inflammation can impact its functioning.

CMV is the most common cause of hepatitis, although different things can cause it. CMV hepatitis can be found in adults and children.

  • There is a high degree of There is a high degree of fever..
  • There is pain in the upper part of the body.
  • There is a problem of jaundice.
  • Anemia.

CMV hepatitis in children is rare, but symptoms are usually more acute and severe.

People of all ages can be infected with CMV. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), in the United States, approximately 1 in 3 children are infected by the time they’re 5 years old. More than half of adults over the age of 40 have been infected.

For most people, it’s nothing to worry about because a healthy person’s immune system typically prevents the virus from causing illness. However, there are some populations who are at higher risk for serious complications from CMV, including:

  • Babies are in the uterus.
  • Premature babies and low birth weight.
  • People who are immune compromised, such as those who have received an organ or bone marrow transplant.
  • people who are on immunocompromising medications like steroids

Doctors typically use lab tests of There is blood. and other bodily fluids to diagnose CMV hepatitis.

CMV hepatitis is diagnosed when bilirubin is elevated, and/or elevated liver enzymes are present, along with finding CMV and no other causes for hepatitis.

Abnormal liver function or symptoms consistent with CMV hepatitis can prompt healthcare professionals to get further tests.

The tests are used to help distinguish between diseases.

CMV is a genetic material. is usually the most sensitive and specific test available to detect active disease, while antibodies can indicate previous exposure.

A viral culture can take a long time to get a result and you can get false negatives if you get the sample too early.

Some people with CMV infections need treatment, especially if they are immunocompromised.

For CMV hepatitis, the main focus is prevention. This can be done with either prophylaxis or preemptive treatment.

  • Prophylaxis treatment. After an organ transplant, antivirals are typically prescribed for at least 3 months.
  • Preemptive treatment. People who’ve undergone a transplant or who are immunocompromised are closely monitored for CMV and antiviral treatment is started before symptoms occur.

CMV hepatitis drugs include:

  • ganciclovir is an antibiotic.
  • Valganciclovir is a drug.

The CMV is a common virus in the family. It can cause problems with the immune system for people with weakened immune systems.

In people with healthy immune systems, CMV hepatitis is rare and typically treatable.

For immunocompromised individuals, the incidence of CMV hepatitis is high, especially for those who’ve had liver transplants. In fact, CMV hepatitis is the most common form of invasive disease after a liver transplant.

If you are at risk for CMV or CMV hepatitis, you should talk to a doctor. Discuss your specific risks and what you can do to reduce them.