Colon polyps are small growths on the lining of your large intestines and rectum.
Doctors classify colon polyps based on factors such as their size, location, and appearance. These classifications help doctors determine their risk of becoming colorectal cancer. Knowing what type of polyps you have can also help your doctor determine the best way to manage them.
Precancerous adenomas are considered to be the most dangerous of the polyps. Smaller polyps have a lower chance of developing into cancer.
You can learn about the risk factors associated with the different classifications of polyps by reading this.
The size of a colon polyp is related to the chance of it turning into cancer. Doctors use the size of the polyp to decide how to manage it.
Neoplastic polyps are polyps that have the potential to become cancerous. According to
- They are at least 10 millimeters in diameter.
- Precancerous changes are visible in their cells.
- They are classified as tubulovillous adenomas.
Advanced adenomas have a
|Size||Diameter in millimeters||Description|
|diminutive||less than 5||They make up about 75% of all polyps, according to a 2020 review, and rarely progress into colorectal cancer. Only about
|large||more than 10||Large polyps have the highest chance of becoming cancerous, with
The three main classifications for polyps are:
- Adenomas is also called adenomatous polyps.
- hyperplastic and inflammatory polyps
- There are two types of adenomas, traditional and serrated.
The risk of becoming cancer is highest for adenomas. Depending on their appearance, adenomas are classified as tubular, villous, and tubulovillous.
Inflammation and hyperplastic polyps are not usually cancer causing.
Years ago, the
- There is bleeding in the rectal.
- Your stool has blood in it.
- constipation or diarrhea
- It is a pain.
The majority of colorectal cancers begin as colon polyps. According to a
Colon cancer risk factors
Many of the risk factors for developing colon cancer are lifestyle habits that you can modify. According to the
- There is no physical activity.
- Diet low in vegetables and fruit.
- A diet high in processed meats has low fiber and high fat.
- tobacco use
- high alcohol consumption
- Having a body mass index over 30
Some risk factors are out of your control.
- Family history of cancer.
- inflammatory bowel disease is a disease.
- genetic syndromes like familial adenomatous polyposis
Precancerous growths are found before colon cancer is diagnosed. It can help you detect cancer in the early stages.
The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force recommends:
|Age||Recommendation||Level of evidence|
|45 to 49||All adults should be screened.||moderate|
|50 to 75||All adults should be screened.||high|
|76 to 85||Some people should be screened depending on overall health and prior screening history.||moderate|
- stool tests
- The colonoscopy is a procedure.
- virtual The colonoscopy is a procedure., also known as CT colonography
Polyps are growths in the colon. Doctors classify colorectal cancer-causing polyps based on size and type.
Polyps that are classified as adenomas should be removed. Smaller polyps have a lower chance of becoming cancer.
If you are screened regularly, you can catch colon cancer in the earliest stages, and adenomas before they become cancer.
The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force recommends that all adults are screened for colon cancer. If you are between the ages of 75 and 85, it is a good idea to talk with a doctor to find out if you should be screened.