There are significant shifts in mood when it comes to the mental health condition of bicy disorders. There are three different types of manic depression. The mildest one is called cyclothymic disorder.

People know what to expect when they have a mental illness, and doctors can identify the best treatment options. If you have an accurate diagnosis of cyclothymia, you can access treatment that will prevent your condition from progressing to a more severe type of bipolar disorder.

The more you understand the nature of these mood disorders, the more confident you will be in dealing with your own mental health symptoms and the more compassionate you will be in dealing with someone you know who has these symptoms.

Bipolar disorder, which used to be called manic depression, is a condition in which moods shift dramatically and unpredictably. These mood changes are more intense than typical day-to-day mood fluctuations.

Episodes of mania, hypomania, and depression can significantly interfere with your relationships, your work, and your quality of life.

In late adolescence or young adulthood, there are usually diagnoses of the mental disorders.

According to the National Institute of Mental Health, the three bipolar disorders are:

  • Bipolar I disorder. A condition in which people experience manic episodes lasting at least 1 week or manic episodes so severe that they require hospitalization. People usually experience depressive episodes, which typically last for at least 2 weeks, and sometimes episodes with mixed features of both mania and depression.
  • Bipolar II disorder. A condition in which people experience patterns of hypomanic episodes, which are briefer and less severe than full manic episodes, along with depressive episodes.
  • Cyclothymia. A condition in which people experience patterns of hypomanic and depressive symptoms for at least 2 years but in which episodes are brief and not severe enough to be classified as hypomanic or depressive episodes.

The main differences between cyclothymia and other bipolar disorders is the severity of symptoms and the pattern of mood shifts. Cyclothymia is distinguished by chronic symptoms of hypomania and depression that aren’t as severe as the symptoms required for a diagnosis of major depression or bipolar disorder.

With bipolar I and II disorders, hypomanic, manic, and depressive episodes often last for days or weeks at a time, but with cyclothymia, highs and lows are short lived. Your moods may shift day to day or even within the same day.

Unlike the two disorders, cyclothymia causes symptoms on more days than not, with few periods of neutral mood in between.

People who have a disorder such as Bipolar I and II can have serious and alarming symptoms, such as delusional thinking or suicidal thoughts, which can lead to them seeking help. The more subtle cyclothymia can cause more problems.

Because the manic symptoms of cyclothymia are milder than they are in other bipolar disorders, the condition is often mistaken for general moodiness. It may also be mistaken for a personality disorder, such as borderline personality disorder, or a neurodevelopmental disorder such as attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD).

This type of bipolar disorder causes significant highs and lows. But the high episodes aren’t severe enough to meet the criteria for hypomanic episodes (which themselves are less severe than classic manic episodes). Depressive symptoms are also of decreased severity, but they can last a long time.

The following are symptoms of cyclothymia.

Overall, it was a good one.

  • There are frequent shifts in mood.
  • Changes in energy levels
  • Increased sensitivity to stimuli.
  • A tendency to overreact.
  • Maintaining personal relationships can be difficult.
  • There are difficulties at school and work.
  • There are behavioral symptoms.
  • anxiety


  • high levels of self-esteem.
  • thoughts
  • Talking too fast.
  • Irritability or agitation.
  • Not needing as much sleep on some days.
  • Getting distracted quickly.
  • Increased focus on goals related to sex.
  • Risky behavior or impulsivity.


  • depressed mood
  • Social withdrawal or isolationcan happen.
  • low self-esteem.
  • guilt
  • fatigue
  • Problems concentrating
  • It is difficult falling asleep at night.
  • “It’s difficult staying awake during the day.”
  • thoughts of self-injury or suicide

You are not alone if you are considering suicide. There is help available right now.

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There are manic and depression episodes in the disorder. Some people with this type of disorder have periods of depression and manic symptoms at the same time.

Depressive episodes may be shorter and less severe than the ones associated with the disorder. Hypomanic episodes are shorter and less intense than manic episodes.

There are symptoms of manic and hypomanic episodes.

  • It feels very happy.
  • Less need for sleep or not sleeping at all.
  • high levels of energy
  • high activity levels
  • I feel agitated.
  • High self-esteem or overconfidence.
  • Problems focusing
  • thoughts
  • risky behavior
  • thoughts of suicide or self-harm
  • Being more flirtatious, or sexually active.
  • Talking faster and more often.
  • psychosis (manic episodes only)
  • delusions or grandiose beliefs (manic episodes only)
  • hallucinations (manic episodes only)

Depression can include symptoms.

  • feeling worthless or depressed.
  • Extreme fatigue or low energy.
  • withdrawal or isolation
  • It could be talking slowly, softly or not saying anything.
  • Difficulty or inability to do simple tasks.
  • “It’s difficult staying awake during the day.”or falling asleep at night
  • Eating too much or too little.
  • You usually enjoy activities, but there is no interest in them.
  • thinking about self-injury, death, or suicide

Talk therapy is a type of therapy that is used to treat cyclothymia and other disorders.

The most common medications used to treat cyclothymia and bipolar disorders are:

Two widely used forms of psychotherapy include cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) and family-focused therapy.

People with a disorder like a bipolar can benefit from learning how to recognize the start of an episode and applying strategies that may help reduce intensity. Mood regulation strategies can be helpful for people with both cyclothymia and bipolar II.

While psychotherapy and medications can be an effective treatment for bipolar disorders, these conditions continue to present challenges for healthcare professionals.

Depression component of bipolar disorders is particularly challenging to treat.

A 2020 study notes that the short-term use of antidepressant medications presents a risk, particularly for individuals who move through mood episodes rapidly. However, that same study also suggests that some newer The medications are used for mental illness. show promise as effective short-term treatments. These include:

  • Cariprazine is a drug.
  • lurasidone
  • Fluoxetine and olanzapine.
  • It is called quitiapine.

“A balanced diet and regular aerobic exercise may be helpful. The spiritual practices can complement other treatments, but they can’t replace established treatments.”

“Scientists don’t fully understand the origins of the disorders, so it’s not currently possible to prevent them. The management of cyclothymia may keep it from progressing into a more severe type of disorder.”

A 2-year 2020 study suggests that aggressive, multimodal treatment of bipolar disorders in their earliest stages may have a long-term impact on the course of these conditions, reducing the risk of future episodes.

Being proactive with the management of your condition may improve your quality of life and possibly diminish the intensity of future shifts in mood, even though there is no guarantee that cyclothymia can be treated sufficiently to prevent its progression.

There is a milder type of bipolar disorder called cyclothymia. The highs and lows of the highs and lows can vary greatly from one disorder to another.

The disorder can interfere with relationships, work, and daily responsibilities. Symptoms of cyclothymia are less severe in these areas. Many people with cyclothymia can work, go to school, and care for themselves with less challenges than people with other types of bipolar disorder.

You are not alone if you are considering suicide. There is help available right now.

Not in the United States? Find a helpline in your country with Befrienders Worldwide.