Blood pressure is the force of blood against the walls of your arteries. This can change throughout the day. High blood pressure is when your blood pressure is over the normal range.

Sometimes you can have spikes in blood pressure, caused by stress or other factors. High blood pressure is considered chronic when it becomes an ongoing condition.

There is no cure for chronic hypertension, but there are some things you can do to keep your blood pressure under control.

It is important to work closely with a doctor and adopt a heart-healthy lifestyle to prevent chronic hypertension from causing life threatening problems.

The top and bottom numbers are used to calculate blood pressure. The mercury pressures are measured in millimeters.

Systolic pressure refers to the pressure of blood in your arteries when your heart contracts and pumps blood out to the body. Diastolic pressure is the force of blood against the artery walls when your heart is at rest.

High blood pressure is considered a systolic pressure of 130 mm Hg or higher or diastolic pressure of 80 mm Hg or higher. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) estimates that nearly half of all adults in the United States have high blood pressure.

Chronic hypertension is also called essential hypertension or primary hypertension. It accounts for about 90% of high blood pressure cases, according to the World Heart Federation. There’s usually no known cause of primary or chronic hypertension, though there’s a long list of risk factors, including:

  • The age is getting older.
  • There is a disease called diabetes.
  • excessive alcohol consumption.
  • Family history.
  • high salt consumption
  • “It’s obese.”
  • sedentary lifestyle.
  • tobacco use

Secondary hypertension is a condition that is caused by another medical condition, such as a kidneys disease or a thyroid problem. It is not considered chronic hypertension because it can be treated.

It’s quite common for a pregnant individual to develop high blood pressure. The CDC reports that hypertension occurs in about 1 of every 12 to 17 pregnancies. But in pregnancy, chronic hypertension takes on a slightly different meaning and concern.

High blood pressure problems associated with pregnancy, including preeclampsia and gestational hypertension, are different from chronic hypertension. You have high blood pressure before you become pregnant and it will continue to be high after you give birth.

“Preeclampsia is high blood pressure that develops during the first 20 weeks of your baby’s life and can cause other health problems. Gestational hypertension is high blood pressure that develops during pregnancy but isn’t accompanied by a problem with the heart or the kidneys.”

It has been an active area of research for a long time because chronic hypertension in pregnant women is a common occurrence.

For example, a 2017 study suggests that a person who had gestational hypertension or preeclampsia may be more inclined to develop chronic hypertension, though that risk can be substantially lowered by keeping a moderate weight and following heart-healthy lifestyle behaviors.

A 2022 study suggests that treating chronic hypertension in pregnant individuals to a blood pressure of under 140/90 mm Hg leads to better pregnancy outcomes, even among those who have mild chronic hypertension.

Discuss lifestyle options for lowering blood pressure when you are diagnosed with hypertension.

Lowering your blood pressure can be done with a combination of medications and lifestyle changes. The behaviors that should help are listed.

Diet

Being overweight or obese is associated with high blood pressure, and keeping a moderate weight is a key to controlling it.

A high diet of salt and fat is associated with high blood pressure.

To that end, health experts recommend the Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension (DASH) diet or the Mediterranean-style eating plan to support better cardiovascular health. These diets emphasize fruits, vegetables, whole grains, and lean proteins, while the DASH diet in particular focuses on reducing sodium intake.

A 2020 study suggests that adhering to the DASH diet is an especially effective means of bringing your blood pressure under control.

Exercise

The American Heart Association recommends 150 minutes a week of moderate-intensity exercise for better heart health. Ideally, you want to exercise at least 30 to 40 minutes most days of the week.

A brisk walk or similar activity is good for cardiovascular health and helps control blood pressure.

Other steps

Other lifestyle adjustments can lower blood pressure. Consider the changes for lower blood pressure.

  • If you want to address any sleep disorders, you need at least 7 to 8 hours of sleep per night.
  • “Don’t drink to much to keep alcohol intake to a minimum.”
  • Relax through techniques such as meditation and deep breathing.
  • Smoking is a bad habit to quit.

The primary way to control chronic hypertension is with medications that lower blood pressure. Some of the more common antihypertensives include:

  • Diuretics: These medications reduce fluid levels in the body to relieve the burden in the arteries, but can also lower potassium levels, resulting in muscle-related side effects. People with There is a disease called diabetes. may experience spikes in blood glucose levels after taking diuretics.
  • Angiotensin-converting enzymes (ACE) inhibitors: These ACE inhibitors help keep the arteries relaxed and open to improve blood flow and reduce blood pressure. They’re generally safe for most people, though anyone who’s pregnant or is considering becoming pregnant should talk with a doctor about an alternative medication.
  • Angiotensin II receptor blockers: Commonly known as ARBs, these help keep blood vessels relaxed and open, though they do so through a different mechanism. ARBs should also not be used during pregnancy.
  • Calcium channel blockers: These meds ease the force by which the heart contracts, thus reducing the pressure of blood flowing though the arteries.

A 2019 study of hypertension management also suggests that blood pressure-lowering medications — also known as anti-hypertensives — are safe and effective treatments for most people and that they can be especially helpful in lowering the risk of cardiovascular complications, such as heart attack and stroke.

Adults of all ages and sometimes children can be affected by chronic hypertension. Discipline and the ability to adopt a healthy lifestyle are required to control high blood pressure. It usually requires daily medication.

If you follow your medication regimen and eat healthy, you may be able to avoid some of the more severe consequences of high blood pressure.