Types of Dysarthrias (Slurred Speech)
Dysarthria is a speech disorder that occurs when the parts of the brain that control speaking are damaged. It may be caused by a condition that does not involve the brain, like a condition affecting the muscles and nerves in the mouth or throat.
The condition is characterized by slurred speech. It may cause atypical speech rhythm and voice changes.
Dysarthria itself is not a medical emergency. But sudden dysarthria can be caused by a stroke or brain trauma, and these require urgent medical attention.
“Dysarthria can’t be cured or reversed. It is possible to improve your ability to speak and communicate with certain therapies.”
The symptoms, types, and treatment of dysarthria are discussed in this article.
The brain affected by dysarthria has a different type of dysarthria. These types are included.
Lower motor neuron damage is the cause of Flaccid Dysarthria. This involves the nerves of the head and spine.
Cranial nerves connect your brain to other areas of your head and neck. Spinal nerves connect your spinal cord to other parts of the body.
The upper motor neurons on one side of the brain are damaged in spastic dysarthria. This involves areas that control movement.
Unilateral upper motor neuron dysarthria
The UUMN is a milder form of spastic dysarthria. It is one of the most common types of dysarthria.
It can be caused by a stroke. The upper motor neurons control movement.
In ataxic dysarthria, there’s damage to the connections between the cerebellum and other parts of the brain.
“The brain’s control circuit is the cause of hypokinetic dysarthria. The brain’s part that controls motor function is called the basal ganglia.”
This type is often associated with “Parkinson’s disease is a disease.”, which causes slow movement and rigidity.
Hyperkinetic dysarthria is caused by damage to the basal ganglia control circuit. It’s commonly seen in conditions like “Huntington’s disease is a disease.” and There is a syndrome called t.
This type of dysarthria causes speech to be unpredictable.
Mixed dysarthria occurs when there are two or more types of dysarthria present. One example is spastic-flaccid dysarthria, which is seen in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis is a disease..
Mixed dysarthria is the most common type of dysarthria. The features depend on the dysarthrias involved.
The type of dysarthria affects the symptoms. They can be different in severity.
In general, dysarthria causes.
- slurred speech
- Slow or rapid speech.
- The speech has an irregular rhythm.
- Loud or soft speech.
- A breathy or harsh voice.
- Difficult controlling your lips.
- Excess noise coming out of the nose has been increased.
- The volume or the amount of the volume is the same.
- Difficult swallowing
- drooling is due to dysphagia
- choppy speech made of short phrases
Dysarthria is caused by brain damage. This can occur at birth, like in cerebral palsy.
Brain damage may be caused by injury or illness. Examples include:
- traumatic brain injury.
- There are brain tumors.
- acoustic brain
- encephalitis is a disease.
- There is a disease called meningitis.
- amyotrophic lateral sclerosis is a disease.
- “Parkinson’s disease is a disease.”
- “Huntington’s disease is a disease.”
- There is a syndrome called t
- muscular dystrophy is a genetic disease.
- “Bell’s palsy is a condition.”
- Myasthenia gravis is a Greek word.
- The tongue is injured.
- Your central nervous system is affected by medications.
Dysarthria can be developed by both children and adults. If you are, you may be more likely to develop the condition.
- have a high risk of stroke
- Have a brain disease.
- Have a disease that causes weakness in the limbs.
Drinking excessive amounts of alcohol and using illegal drugs can cause temporary dysarthria.
There are several tests that need to be taken toagnosing dysarthria. A healthcare professional will use several methods to diagnose dysarthria.
- Medical history. A doctor will examine your medical history to determine the cause. This will also help rule out other causes.
- Physical examination. A physical exam lets your doctor look for signs of injury or brain trauma. It can help test sensation, movement, and vision. It can also distinguish between causes like a stroke or infection.
- Blood and urine tests. Urinalysis and blood tests allow your doctor to check for signs of infection.
- Imaging tests. An imaging test, such as an MRI, can help diagnose neurological conditions.
- Genetic tests. If your doctor suspects a gene mutation, they’ll order a genetic test.
- Speech tests. A speech and language therapist might ask you to make sounds, speak, read words, or count numbers. They’ll examine your speech and mouth.
Dysarthria treatment is just one part of a larger plan. It is usually caused by an underlying condition.
Speech and language therapy is used for Dysarthria. The goal is to improve your communication skills.
Speech-language therapists and Pathologists provide this type of therapy. Therapy may involve.
- Strength and function of affected muscles can be improved with exercises.
- Strategies for speaking slowly.
- Strategies to learn how to say things in a proper way.
- Strategies to learn how to use a computer.
- Learning how to control speech volume is one of the exercises.
Your doctor might also recommend acupuncture or transcranial magnetic stimulation of the brain to stimulate the affected muscles.
If you notice a change in your speech, you should contact a speech-language therapist. If you are at risk for dysarthria, this is important.
If you have a speech-language problem, you should contact a doctor or speech-language professional.
- slurred speech
- Difficult to move your mouth, tongue, or jaw.
- Difficult raising your voice.
- unexplained changes in your voice
- Difficult swallowing
- Difficult to say certain sounds.
It can be difficult to communicate with other people. This can have a negative effect on psychological well-being.
In most cases, dysarthria cannot be cured. The exception is dysarthria with a temporary cause, like “Bell’s palsy is a condition.” or medication.
It is possible to improve your quality of life and ability to communicate if you have dysarthria. This requires a certain amount of work.
- Speech-language therapy is done regularly.
- A healthcare professional has routine checkup.
- Management of underlying conditions.
- Support from friends and family.
The success of treatment depends on many factors.
- Your underlying condition.
- The location and severity of brain damage.
- Your health status
It is possible for people with Dysarthria to have good conversations with other people. The following strategies can be used.
Tips for people with dysarthria
Try these techniques if you have dysarthria.
- Before talking, inhale deeply.
- Speak slowly. Say one word at a time.
- You should face the person you are talking to.
- Speak in short sentences.
- If you need to repeat yourself, do it.
- Turn off the television or radio to limit the noise.
- If you can, carry a pen and paper.
Tips for non-affected people
“If you don’t have dysarthria, here’s what you can do to communicate with people who do.”
- Look at the person.
- Limit or avoid noise.
- “Give them time to respond. If you don’t rush them, you’ll get67531”
- They should avoid finishing their sentences.
- You can ask “yes or no” questions to confirm that you\’ve heard correctly. You can ask if you got the mail.
- Be kind and patient.
Brain damage can cause Dysarthria. It can make it difficult to speak.
There are many causes of dysarthria. Immediate medical attention is required for strokes and traumatic brain injuries.
Speech-language therapy is involved in Dysarthria treatment. This involves working with a professional speech-language pathologist who can show you how to improve your communication skills.