The hepatitis B virus causes a disease in the body. There are five types of viral hepatitis. The different types of virus are hepatitis A, C, D, and E. B and C are more likely to be chronic.

According to the World Health Organization, around 296 million people around the world are living with hepatitis B. Around 1.5 million people newly contracted chronic hepatitis B in 2019.

Acute or chronic infections of the vaccine can be caused by the vaccine.

Acute hepatitis B can cause symptoms in a few minutes. Babies who contract it at birth are less likely to develop acute infections.

The chronic hepatitis B develops slowly. Symptoms may not be noticeable if they develop.

Acute hepatitis B can be hard to see for a long time. But common symptoms include:

  • fatigue
  • Dark urine.
  • Joint and muscle pain.
  • The appetite has been lost.
  • There is a high degree of fever.
  • The abdominal area is very tender.
  • weakness
  • The whites of the eyes and skin are yellow.

Any symptoms of the disease need to be evaluated. People over 60 have worse symptoms of acute hepatitis B.

If you have been exposed to the disease, you should tell your doctor.

The disease is transmitted through blood or other bodily fluids.

There are a number of ways that hepatitis B can be transmitted.

  • Having sex with a person who has the disease without using a condom.
  • Sharing blood-stained toothbrush, razor, or nail clippers.
  • The equipment used for a body piercing or tattoo has not been thoroughly cleaned.
  • Sharing needles, syringes, or other equipment is a problem.
  • From a parent to a baby.

The saliva may contain the virus, but it is not transmitted through it.

  • kissing
  • Sneezing
  • coughing
  • Sharing utensils.

Certain groups have a particularly high risk of HBV infection. These include:

  • healthcare workers
  • People who use drugs.
  • Parents with the disease are the parents of infants born to them.
  • People with the disease have sexual partners.
  • People are receiving treatment for their disease.

According to the WHO, around 296 million people around the globe live with chronic HBV. Around 1.5 million new infections occur every year.

According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), chronic hepatitis B affects approximately 1.2 million people in the United States.

But HBV often goes undetected. In fact, the WHO estimates that only about 10.5% of people living with hepatitis B were aware of their condition as of 2019.

Doctors can usually diagnose hepatitis B with blood tests. Screening for hepatitis B may be recommended for people who:

  • Use injection drugs.
  • Receive treatment for the kidneys.
  • They were born in a country with a high incidence of the disease.
  • Someone with the disease has a household contact or sexual partner.
  • The immune system is suppressed by medications.
  • Are you donating blood?
  • The baby is born to a parent with the disease.
  • Have lab test results that show elevated liver enzymes.
  • Are you pregnant?
  • Are Men who have sex with men.?
  • Have you been diagnosed with HIV?

Your doctor will perform a series of blood tests to screen for the disease.

Hepatitis B surface antigen test

“If you have an active infection, a surface antigen test is a good indicator. A positive result means you have the disease. A negative result means you don’t have the disease.”

“This test doesn’t differentiate between chronic and acute infections. This test is used to determine the state of a hepatitis B infection.”

Hepatitis B core antibody test

The test shows if you have the disease. Positive results can mean you have recovered from acute hepatitis B.

Hepatitis B surface antibody test

A surface antibody test is used to check for immunity to the disease. A positive test means you are free of the disease.

There are two possible reasons for a positive test.

  • You may have been exposed to something.
  • You can no longer transmit the virus if you have recovered from an acute case of the disease.

Liver function tests

People with any disease that affects the bile duct need to have their lyctom function tested.

The number of the enzymes your body makes is checked by these tests. The levels of the enzymes in the liver are indicative of a damaged or inflammation. The results can help determine which part of your body is malfunctioning.

If the tests show high levels of the enzymes, you might need to have the infections tested. The world is affected by the B and C viruses.

You will need an abdominal exam and an echocardiogram of the liver.

If you think you have been exposed to the disease, it is important to speak with a healthcare professional.

A doctor or other healthcare professional can give the first dose of the vaccine. This combination of antibodies protects against the virus.

Though both can be given up to a week after exposure, they’re most effective at preventing infection if administered within 48 hours.

“A doctor may refer you to a specialist if you receive a diagnosis of acute hepatitis B. They may suggest that you get a blood test to make sure you don’t have chronic hepatitis.”

“Many people with acute hepatitis B don’t have serious symptoms. It can help if you do.”

  • Get plenty of rest.
  • Wear loose clothing.
  • Keep the environment cool.
  • When needed, take over-the-counter pain mediation.

Other lifestyle changes may be needed to manage your infections.

  • A balanced diet is important.
  • avoiding substances that can harm your liver, such as:
    • Alcohol.
    • Some herbal supplements and medications include acetaminophen.

If your blood tests show you still have an active infection after 6 months, your doctor may recommend further treatment, including medications to help control the virus and prevent liver damage.


Some medications a doctor may prescribe to treat chronic hepatitis B include:

  • Peginterferon alfa-2a (Pegasys): This medication is a type of interferon. It’s used to stimulate immune function so your body can fight HBV more effectively. It’s usually administered through a weekly injection for 6 months to 1 year.
  • Entecavir (Baraclude): Most often available in tablet form, this antiviral medication is one of the most commonly prescribed treatments used to treat chronic HBV.
  • Tenofovir (Viread, Vemlidy): An antiviral medication, tenofovir is taken as a tablet once daily. It’s used to reduce symptoms of viral infections like chronic HBV or HIV.
  • Adefovir dipivoxil (Hepsera): This medication is taken orally. It belongs to a class of medications known as nucleotide analogs. It works to reduce the amount of HBV in your body to treat chronic infections.
  • Telbivudine (Tyzeka or Sebivo): This pill is taken once a day. It’s usually only considered after other treatment options have been ruled out.
  • Lamivudine (Epivir-HBV): Also commonly known as 3TC, lamivudine is an antiretroviral medication available in liquid or tablet form. It’s usually not used in the United States because more effective treatments exist, and people may develop drug resistance within a couple of years.
  • Interferon alfa-2b (Intron A): This medication is administered through an injection. It can increase immune function to help the body fight chronic hepatitis B. It’s an older drug that’s not used often in the United States.

There are some consequences of having chronic hepatitis B.

People with the disease of hepatitis B are at risk of being exposed to the disease of hepatitis D.

A baby can be born with the disease, but it can be passed on to the parent. The newborn is exposed to blood and bodily fluids during delivery.

In fact, 90% of mothers with an acute hepatitis B infection and 10% to 20% of mothers with chronic hepatitis B will transmit the virus to their newborn, estimates the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists.

Every pregnant mother is screened for the disease, hepatitis B.

Additionally, the hepatitis B vaccine and hepatitis B immune globulin are both administered to infants with an HBV-positive birthing parent within 12 hours of birth to prevent infection.

According to the CDC, without this treatment, around 40% of infants with an HBV-positive birthing parent would develop chronic hepatitis B, of which approximately 25% would eventually die from chronic liver disease.

The vaccine for the disease is the best way to prevent it. It is very safe and effective.

The CDC now recommends nearly universal vaccination for hepatitis B. This includes:

  • All infants are within 24 hours of birth.
  • “Children and adolescents who weren’t vaccine-free.”
  • Unvaccinated adults are 19 through 59.
  • Unvaccinated adults with risk factors for the disease.

Adults 60 and older who do not have known risk factors for the disease may still choose to get a vaccine.

The following groups are at greater risk of hepatitis B:

  • People living in institutions.
  • People who work with blood.
  • People living with HIV.
  • People with the disease.
  • Men who have sex with men.
  • People with multiple sexual partners.
  • People are seeking treatment for sexually transmitted infections.
  • People with recent drug use.
  • Those with the disease have a family or sexual partner.
  • People with chronic disease.
  • People travel to areas with high rates of the disease.
  • People on the machine.
  • People who are in jail.

The vaccine is usually given in three shots, one month and six months after the first dose. The vaccine is completed in two batches.

Hepatitis B is highly contagious. It’s transmitted through contact with blood and certain other bodily fluids. Although the virus can be found in saliva, it’s not transmitted through Sharing utensils. or kissing. It’s also not transmitted through Sneezing, coughing, or breastfeeding.

After exposure, the symptoms of the disease may not appear for 3 months. Symptoms can last for a while.

But even without symptoms, you can still transmit the infection to others. The virus can live outside the body and remains infectious for at least 7 days.

Possible methods of transmission.

  • Direct contact with blood.
  • From birth to baby.
  • A contaminated needle is being used to pierce a person.
  • intimate contact with a person with a disease
  • There is no barrier method for oral, vaginal, and anal sex.
  • The razor or other item has bodily fluid on it.

There is a highly contagious condition. It can be life threatening, and is associated with many serious problems.

There are many ways to prevent infections, including getting vaccinations.

If you suspect you have been exposed to the disease, it is important to talk with a doctor to determine the best course of treatment.

Is hepatitis B curable?

There are many ways to prevent infections and avoid transmission of the virus, but there is no cure for the disease.

The vaccine for hepatitis B is the most effective way to prevent the disease. You can use condoms when having sex to avoid sharing needles.

How long can you live with hepatitis B?

Most people who contract hepatitis B during adulthood fully recover within 1 to 3 months.

People with chronic hepatitis B may have a higher risk of developing long-term liver problems, like cirrhosis or The cancer of the liver., which require treatment and may be life threatening.

Babies and children are at higher risk of developing chronic hepatitis B if they have not been vaccined.

Can you get hepatitis B from blood transfusions?

The risk of transmission from a blood transfusion is very low, as the risk of transmission from bodily fluids is very high.

This is because all blood used for blood transfusions in the United States has been screened for hepatitis B since 1972, making transfusion-transmitted HBV very rare.

Who should get the hepatitis B vaccine?

The first dose of the vaccine should be given to infants within 24 hours of birth.

Children, adolescents, and adults who have not received the vaccine should also be vaccinated against hepatitis B.

This is important for people who are at an increased risk of infections.

  • People living in institutions.
  • People with multiple sexual partners.
  • People who use drugs.
  • Men who have sex with men.
  • People who have regular contact with blood or bodily fluids.
  • People with chronic conditions.