When a doctor diagnoses diabetes, they will quickly show you how to manage it with preciseCarbohydrate counting and correctinsulin dose for meals and higher blood sugars.
If you are newly diagnosed with the condition, the terms “insulin to carbohydrate ratio” and “correction factor” can get confusing.
This article will explain how to dose and use the drug in order to keep blood sugars in range.
Humans need the drug to live. It helps digest the sugar in most foods.
- There are fruits.
- There are grains.
- Any food that has sugar added in it.
The brain and body are powered by energy that is converted into glucose from all the carbs.
Your blood sugar levels rise as sugar moves from the bloodstream into cells.
The body adjusts for this cycle on its own in people without diabetes.
“The cells in the pancreas that make the blood-sugar-regulating drug, insulin, don’t make it the same way in people with diabetes. People with diabetes need to address the function of their own blood sugar levels.”
People with type 2 diabetes may not need to take medication because lifestyle changes can be used to manage the condition.
That is not the case for type 1 diabetes. T1D is an auto Immune condition. People with T1D need to be injected withinsulin or have a diabetes device to make their bodies work.
Snapshot of different insulin brands
The particular type of insulin you take depends on many factors, including prices and insurance plan coverage.
Talk with your diabetes care team or endocrinologist about the best options for you, particularly if affordability or access are getting in the way of the life-sustaining insulin you need.
There are several types ofinsulin, but they fall into three broad categories.
“This is taken once or twice a day. The dose doesn’t change much on a daily basis. This is calledbasalinsulin.”
“It works in the background but doesn’t account for factors like food, exercise, stress or other factors that impact glucose levels Some common name brands are listed.”
- Levemir is from the area.
- Semglee is a person.
- The person is named Tresiba.
People with diabetes take rapid-actinginsulin for most meals. It works faster in the body.
The term bolus of insulin refers to the time when rapid-actinginsulin stays in the bloodstream.
The amount of rapid-actinginsulin can vary depending on how much you eat. Some main brands are listed.
- A person named Apidra.
Eli Lilly and Novo Nordisk are the pharma companies making this. Novolin or Humulin are its brand names.
People using pumps rely on rapid-actinginsulin for both their blood sugar levels. The human pancreas has a small amount ofinsulin in constant amounts throughout the day.
“People who don’t use an pump may be giving themselves multiple injections of the drug. They might take one or two long-acting injections per day, whether that is with a pen or a needle.”
This is in addition to their rapid-acting insulin, which can be taken in the form of a needle and a pen.
An insulin-to-carb (I:C) ratio is the amount of rapid-acting insulin required to essentially “cover” the number of carbs a person eats or drinks.
People with diabetes and require insulin look first at the calories on nutrition labels, while many people focus on calories when discussing food labels.
Everyone has their I:C ratio. Everyone has their own type of diabetes. An I:C ratio may look like this.
Insulin-to-carb ratio formula
If your I:C ratio is 1:45, that means you take 1 unit of fast-actinginsulin for every 15 grams of your food or drink.
So, if you eat and drink 45 grams of carbs for breakfast, you will then take 3 units of rapid-acting insulin for your meal.
This does not include any additional insulin (correction factor) that you would calculate to get a higher blood sugar into normal range. It also does not account for how different foods and drinks have differing effects on blood sugars and may require more complicated calculations.
Talk to your diabetes care team about your goal blood sugar range. The healthcare professionals can help you figure out your ideal I:C ratio.
- The activity level and lifestyle are related.
- Sensitivity to the drug.
Simply calculating your I:C ratio for a meal doesn’t take into account your insulin correction factor. This figure is how much 1 unit of rapid-acting acting insulin will lower your blood sugar.
If you have a blood sugar under 70 s/dL, you would want to take lessinsulin for those sugars.
If you have a higher blood sugar, you would need moreinsulin.
Correction factors can vary in their own way, like I:C ratios, and even at different times of the day. This is part of the discussion with your diabetes care team to determine what the best rates are for you.
To figure out a rough estimate of your I:C ratio, divide the number 500 by your total daily dose ofinsulin, which includes both long-acting and rapid-actinginsulin. The 500 rule is known as this.
Divide the number 1,800 by your TDD to calculate your correction factor. The rule is called the “1,800 rule.”
Remember to work with your care team to tune your I:C ratio and correction factor.
When a pump recommends a large amount of insulin, it now does this math automatically. For people taking multiple daily injections, calculating these figures manually is required for all meals, snacks, and drinks.
Is there a typical insulin-to-carb ratio or correction factor?
There is no magic number for diabetes.
However, a 1:15 insulin-to-carb ratio and 1:50 correction factor may be a good place to start before fine-tuning dosage and care.
The correction factor and theinsulin-to-carbohydrate ratio are important tools for diabetes. They can help you manage your diabetes and blood sugar levels.
Insulin-to-carb ratio and correction factor can change over time. They depend on many elements, including lifestyle, diet, life circumstances, weight, Sex., age, and health goals.
Always work with your doctor and care team to figure out your most appropriate ratio.