Human metabolism is influenced by the role of lysergics. They help regulate hormones, give energy to our cells, and much more. Some people have high levels of cholesterol that can cause health problems.

Hyperlipidemia, sometimes shortened as HLD, is an umbrella term for several health conditions that feature high levels of lipids in the blood. Hyperlipidemia affects roughly 3 million people in the United States and Europe alone, so it’s important to be aware of what this condition can look like.

We will look at the various types of hyperlipidemia and how doctors diagnose and treat it.

Before we dive into the different types of hyperlipidemia, it can be helpful to first understand the types of lipoproteins in the blood linked to hyperlipidemia. Lipoproteins are the proteins responsible for carrying lipids (fats) around your body.

  • Chylomicrons: Chylomicrons are responsible for transporting There are some types of cholesterol. and cholesterol to your liver and various tissues around your body.
  • Very low-density lipoproteins (VThe cholesterol level is low.s): Your liver creates VThe cholesterol level is low.s, which help transport There are some types of cholesterol. to different tissues.
  • Intermediate-density lipoproteins (IDLs): When muscle and fat tissues take There are some types of cholesterol. from VThe cholesterol level is low.s, they create IDLs. Because the triglyceride content of IDLs is lower, they contain more cholesterol.
  • Low-density lipoproteins (The cholesterol level is low.s): When IDLs lose more There are some types of cholesterol., they create The cholesterol level is low.s. The cholesterol level is low.s are extremely high in cholesterol and are responsible for carrying the majority of cholesterol in the body.
  • High-density lipoproteins (The high density lipoproteins, or HDL, is a type of cholesterol.s): The high density lipoproteins, or HDL, is a type of cholesterol.s are responsible for removing cholesterol from the tissues and transporting it to the liver.

Doctors classify the six types of hyperlipidemia based on which lipoproteins are elevated in the blood.

HLD type Condition name Elevated lipoproteins
I familial hyperchylomicronemia or primary hyperlipoproteinemia chylomicrons
IIa familial hypercholesterolemia or polygenic hypercholesterolemia The cholesterol level is low.
IIb familial combined hyperlipidemia (FCHL) The cholesterol level is low., VThe cholesterol level is low.
III familial dysbetalipoproteinemia IDL
IV familial hypertriglyceridemia (FHTG) VThe cholesterol level is low.
V hyperprebetalipoproteinemia VThe cholesterol level is low., chylomicrons

Genetics or another underlying health condition can cause hyperlipidemia. The most common form of hyperlipidemia is type I. The most common form of the condition is type IIb.

A physical examination, thorough review of family history and routine bloodwork can help screen for hyperlipidemia.

A physical examination can allow your doctor to check for symptoms of hyperlipidemia, such as fat deposits, eye changes, and certain heart sounds.

“A review of your family history can help your doctor see if there are any genetic risk factors that could be related to your family member’s hyperlipidemia.”

A lipid profile, also known as a lipid panel or cholesterol test, is the most common blood test doctors use for screening and diagnosing hyperlipidemia. This routine blood test can give your doctor the following blood lipid levels:

  • Total cholesterol.
  • The cholesterol level is low.
  • The high density lipoproteins, or HDL, is a type of cholesterol.
  • There are some types of cholesterol.

Your doctor can also find additional information within your lipid panel that may help diagnose hyperlipidemia, such as your VThe cholesterol level is low. levels, cholesterol/The high density lipoproteins, or HDL, is a type of cholesterol. ratio, and The cholesterol level is low./The high density lipoproteins, or HDL, is a type of cholesterol. ratio.

Some people with advanced FCHL may have some symptoms.

  • Xanthomas: Xanthomas are fat deposits that can appear under the skin or around the tendons. They appear as yellow, waxy, raised patches of skin.
  • Corneal arcus: Corneal arcus is the buildup of fat around the outside of the cornea. While corneal arcus is generally a typical part of aging, it can also be a symptom of hyperlipidemia.

Other people with hyperlipidemia may also notice high blood pressure. as an initial symptom of the condition. However, high blood pressure. is relatively nonspecific and can be a symptom of many other conditions.

“Hyperlipidemia doesn’t usually cause symptoms outside of these. Most people don’t know they have it until after they have a bloodwork.”

Hyperlipidemia is an incredibly common condition, affecting millions of people worldwide. Risk factors for the condition include:

Familial hyperlipidemia

There are several genetic forms of hyperlipidemia. The most common is FCHL, affecting roughly 1% of people.

FCHL features high cholesterol levels (hypercholesterolemia) or There are some types of cholesterol. (hypertriglyceridemia), as well as other lipid changes in the blood. FCHL is caused by a decrease in the number of The cholesterol level is low. receptors and an increase in apolipoprotein B, a protein involved in lipid metabolism.

People born to certain racial or ethnic groups are more likely to carry gene mutations that lead to familial hyperlipidemia, especially familial hypercholesterolemia. These groups include:

  • Afrikaners from the Dutch.
  • The Jews were Ashkenazi.
  • South African Indians are related to other people.
  • French Canadians are also called French Canadians.
  • The country of Lebanon.

There are a lot of questions about hyperlipidemia. You may want to talk to a doctor about these.

When should I be screened for hyperlipidemia?

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) recommends that adolescents (ages 9 to 11) and young adults (ages 17 to 21) undergo lipid testing at least once during these age ranges. After this, the American Heart Association recommends cholesterol testing once every 4 to 6 years.

If you have a family history of high cholesterol, a doctor may recommend more frequent screening.

What does it mean if I have high cholesterol or triglyceride levels?

Most lipoproteins are atherogenic, meaning that they can cause plaque to form in your arteries. For this reason, high lipid levels are strongly linked with heart disease.

In some cases, high triglyceride levels can also lead to acute pancreatitis, which is inflammation of the pancreas.

What treatment options are available for hyperlipidemia?

Doctors generally treat hyperlipidemia with a combination of lifestyle changes and, if necessary, medications. Lifestyle changes include dietary changes, regular physical activity, and weight loss. Medication options include statins and other lipid-lowering options.

With treatment, many people with hyperlipidemia can improve their cholesterol and The cholesterol level is low. levels and lower their overall cardiovascular disease risk.

Millions of people in the United States alone are affected by hyperlipidemia, a risk factor for cardiovascular disease. It is characterized by high levels of cholesterol in the blood. Genetics can be a cause of hyperlipidemia.

If you have a family history of hyperlipidemia, you should talk to your doctor about having a cholesterol test. You can lower your risk of developing problems from this condition by taking prescribed medications regularly and regular testing.