There are several options to help you manage your symptoms, reduce your risk of long-term health effects, and prevent the virus from spreading to others, even though there is no cure for hepatitis B.
For many adults who develop an infection of the virus, hepatitis B is acute, and symptoms may pass without treatment after 1 to 3 months. There’s also a highly effective vaccine available for people of all ages.
The hepatitis B virus can cause a disease. The virus can be passed on through bodily fluids.
There are a number of symptoms that can be caused by the disease.
- There is abdominal pain.
- Dark urine.
- The skin or eyes are discolored.
Hepatitis B isn’t curable, but
There are different types of hepatitis B and how they are treated.
Acute or chronic hepatitis B can be found.
- Acute hepatitis B lasts for a short period of time. If you have acute hepatitis B, you may be asymptomatic or have symptoms and develop icteric hepatitis. It can transition into chronic hepatitis B if the virus doesn’t naturally go away after 6 months.
- Chronic hepatitis B lasts for at least 6 months. If you have this type of hepatitis, you may carry the hepatitis B virus for the rest of your life. It’s possible to have chronic hepatitis B that started as acute, but many people don’t have acute hepatitis B first.
Most people with acute hepatitis B make a full recovery. Some may never even show any symptoms. But those with chronic hepatitis B often need treatment to help manage the infection. Chronic hepatitis B also increases your risk of developing cirrhosis and certain types of liver cancer.
Your risk of developing chronic hepatitis B depends on when you first received your diagnosis of the virus. Children who receive a diagnosis of hepatitis B, especially those under the age of 5 years old, have a higher risk of the infection becoming chronic. Adults are less likely to develop chronic hepatitis B. Around 90 percent of adults who develop it will fully recover.
You should be aware that you can be exposed to the disease for years before you start to show symptoms.
“Sometimes acute hepatitis B doesn’t need treatment. A doctor or healthcare professional will usually recommend monitoring your symptoms and getting regular blood tests to determine if the virus is still in your body.”
While you recover, allow your body to rest and drink plenty of fluids to help your body fight off the infection. You can also take an over-the-counter pain reliever to help with any There is abdominal pain. you have. Speak with a doctor about which medications can help your symptoms.
If your symptoms are getting worse, you should see a doctor. If you have a prescription, you may need to take it.
Chronic hepatitis B may not need medical treatment to avoid permanent damage to the body. Monitoring symptoms and getting regular tests is an appropriate care regimen for some people.
Treatment usually involves antiviral medications.
- peg Interferon alfa-2a injections
- Tenofovir or entecavir are some of the antiviral tablets.
Antivirals can help to reduce symptoms, but they are not always able to completely rid you of the hepatitis B virus. The goal of treatment is to get the lowest viral load possible. The amount of a virus in a blood sample is called the viral load.
If you have chronic hepatitis B, you will need to have a blood test every 6 months to determine your health. A doctor may change your medication dosage based on your results. Some people with chronic hepatitis B may need a transplant.
There is no cure for hepatitis B, but it can be avoided by taking precautions. Sexual contact, shared needles, and accidental needlesticks are some of the ways that hepatitis B is spread.
You can lower your risk of developing the disease by following these steps.
- Condoms or other barrier methods are used during sexual activity.
- Getting tested for the disease frequently.
- Sharing personal items that might contain blood is not something that should be done.
- Not sharing needles.
If you don’t have access to clean needles, you can find a local needle exchange program using the North American Syringe Exchange Network’s directory for cities in the United States. If you live outside of the United States or can’t find any resources in your city, ask someone who works at your local pharmacy.
The hepatitis B vaccine
The vaccine is usually given in two, three, or four doses. Babies receive their first dose of vaccine at birth.
The CDC recommends that all children under the age of 19 be vaccine free.
Adults can get the vaccine. If you have an increased risk of contracting the virus, you should get the vaccine. Some of the risk factors include:
- People living in a region where hepatitis B is common.
- Being sexually active with more than one partner.
- You are exposed to bodily fluids when working in a medical setting.
- Sharing drug equipment and using IV drugs.
- There are many diseases that can cause chronic or chronic-related diseases, such as a human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), a hepatitis C infection, diabetes, or a kidneys disease.
If you have been exposed to the hepatitis B virus, you should see a doctor. You will need to follow up to receive the remaining vaccine doses over the next few months, but they can give the first dose.
They may also prescribe a medication called
There is no cure for hepatitis B, but there are several treatments that can help you with managing your symptoms and lowering your risk of long-term health problems.
“If you have the disease, you should get a blood test every 6 months to monitor your health. If you haven’t already been exposed to the virus, you should get the vaccine.”