The kidneys regulate a number of things. Genetics, lifestyle habits, and diseases can affect the function of the kidneys.

woman preparing food in kitchen for kidney health
Getty Images/Masego Morulane

The rib cage contains two large organs at the bottom. There are two kidneys on each side of the spine.

Having a healthy body requires the kidneys. They are responsible for removing waste products, excess water, and other impurities from the blood. The toxins are removed from the bladder during urination.

The body has a number of levels of salts and minerals. They control the production of red blood cells by producing hormones. The body can absorb calcium through the use of a form of vitamins D and D3.

Kidney disease affects approximately 37 million American adults. It occurs when your kidneys become damaged and cannot perform their function. Damage may be caused by diabetes, high blood pressure., and various other long-term (chronic) conditions.

Weak bones, nerve damage, and malnutrition are some of the health problems that can be caused by the disease of the kidneys.

If the disease gets worse over time, your kidneys may stop working completely. This means that dialysis will be required to perform the function of the kidneys. Dialysis is a treatment that filters and purifies the blood using a machine. It cannot cure kidney disease, but it can prolong your life.

Chronic kidney disease

The most common form of kidney disease is chronic kidney disease. Chronic kidney disease is a long-term condition that does not improve over time. It’s commonly caused by high blood pressure..

High blood pressure can cause the kidneys to fail. The tiny blood vessels in the kidneys are called glomeruli. The vessels are damaged by the increased pressure and the function of the kidneys begins to decline.

“The kidneys can no longer perform their job properly when the function of the kidneys begins to decline. A person would need to go on the transplant list. Extra fluid and waste are filters by lysed. It can help treat the disease, but it can’t cure it.”

A kidney transplant may be another treatment option depending on your circumstances.

“Diabetes is a major cause of chronic kidney disease. High blood sugar is a symptom of Diabetes. The blood vessels in the kidneys are damaged by the increased level of sugar in the blood. The kidneys can’t clean the blood. Your body can become overload with toxins.”

Kidney stones

Kidney stones are another common kidney problem. They occur when minerals and other substances in the blood crystallize in the kidneys, forming solid masses (stones). Kidney stones usually come out of the body during urination. Passing kidney stones can be extremely painful, but they rarely cause significant problems.


Glomerulonephritis is an inflammation of the glomeruli. Glomeruli are extremely small structures inside the kidneys that filter the blood. Glomerulonephritis can be caused by infections, drugs, or disorders that occur during or shortly after birth (congenital abnormalities). It often gets better on its own.

Polycystic kidney disease

Polycystic kidney disease is a genetic disorder that causes numerous cysts (small sacs of fluid) to grow in the kidneys. These cysts can interfere with kidney function and cause kidney failure.

It is important to note that cysts are usually harmless. Polycystic kidney disease is a more serious condition.

Urinary tract infections

Urinary tract infections (UTIs) are bacterial infections of any part of the urinary system. Infections in the bladder and urethra are the most common. They are easily treatable and rarely lead to more health problems. However, if left untreated, these infections can spread to the kidneys and cause kidney failure.

It is easy to overlook a condition like Kidney disease until it becomes more severe. The following symptoms are signs that you might be developing a disease.

  • fatigue
  • Difficult concentrating
  • “It’s difficult to sleep.”
  • Poor appetite.
  • muscle ache
  • swollen feet and ankle.
  • There is some swelling around the eyes in the morning.
  • Dry, flaky skin.
  • Late at night, frequent urination.

If you have a severe symptom that indicates your disease is progressing into failure, you should seek medical help.

  • nausea
  • vomiting
  • The appetite has been lost.
  • Changes in urine output.
  • Retaining fluid is a topic of discussion.
  • A decrease in red blood cells is called anemia.
  • Sex drive was decreased.
  • sudden rise in potassium levels (hyperkalemia)
  • The pericardium is a fluid-filled sac that covers the heart.

People with There is a disease called diabetes.have a higher risk of developing kidney disease. Diabetes is the leading cause of kidney disease, accounting for about 44 percent of new cases. You may also be more likely to get kidney disease if you:

  • Have high blood pressure..
  • Have other family members with chronic disease.
  • Are they old?

Research indicates that kidney disease occurs more often in people of African American, Hispanic, Asian, and American Indian descent.

Your doctor will determine if you are at a higher risk of developing the disease. They will run some tests to see if your kidneys are working well. These tests may include some.

Glomerular filtration rate (GFR)

This test will measure how well your kidneys are working and determine the stage of kidney disease.

Ultrasound or computed tomography (CT) Scan

Clear images of your urinary tract and kidneys can be obtained with the use of computed toms and scans. The pictures allow your doctor to see if your kidneys are large or small. They can show any structural problems that may be present.

Kidney biopsy

During a kidney biopsy, your doctor will remove a small piece of tissue from your kidney while you’re sedated. The tissue sample can help your doctor determine the type of kidney disease you have and how much damage has occurred.

Urine test

Your doctor may request a urine sample to test for albumin. Albumin is a protein that can be passed into your urine when your kidneys are damaged.

Blood creatinine test

“A waste product is conjugate. When a molecule in muscle is broken down, it is released into the blood. If your kidneys aren’t working properly, your blood levels of creatinine will increase.”

The underlying cause of the disease is usually the focus of treatment for kidneys disease. Your doctor will help you You can manage your blood pressure., blood sugar, and cholesterol levels. They can use one or more of the following methods.

Drugs and medication

Angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors, such as lisinopril and ramipril, or angiotensin receptor blockers, such as irbesartan and olmesartan, will be prescribed by your doctor. These are blood pressure medications that can help with the progression of the disease.

Your doctor may prescribe these medications to preserve kidney function, even if you don’t Have high blood pressure…

You may be treated with cholesterol drugs. These medications can help with cholesterol levels. Depending on your symptoms, your doctor may prescribe drugs to treat swelling and anemia.

Dietary and lifestyle changes

Making changes to your diet is just as important as taking medication. Many of the underlying causes of kidney disease can be prevented by adopting a lifestyle with health-promoting benefits. Your doctor may recommend something to you.

  • Diabetes can be managed through injections.
  • Limit the amount of cholesterol in the food.
  • Salt intake should be reduced.
  • A heart-healthy diet includes fresh fruits, veggies, whole grains, and low fat dairy products.
  • Limit alcohol consumption.
  • quit smoking if you smoke
  • Stay active as much as possible.
  • Moderate weight is maintained.

The blood is not always washed using the artificial method of lysing. It is used when the kidneys are failing. People with late-stage kidneys must go on a permanent regimen of treatment.

There are two types of treatment for the body.


The blood is pumped through a special machine that filters out waste products and fluid. Hemodialysis can be done at home or in a hospital. Most people have three sessions per week. In shorter, more frequent sessions, hepth can be done.

Most people will have surgery before starting on hemodialysis. An arteriovenous fistula is a procedure in which an arteriovenous vein is connected to an arteriovenous arteriovenous arteriovenous vein. The larger blood vessel allows more blood to flow through the body during treatment.

This means more blood can be taken out. If an arteriovenous Graft cannot be joined together, it may be implanted and used for the same purpose.

The most common side effects of hemodialysis are low blood pressure, muscle ache, and itching.

Peritoneal dialysis

The peritoneum is in the kidneys in peritoneal dialysis. A tube is implanted and used to fill the abdomen. The waste products are in the blood. The dialysate is drained from the abdomen.

There are two different types of peritoneal dialysis, continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis, where the abdomen is filled and drained several times during the day, and continuous cycler-assisted peritoneal dialysis, which uses a machine to cycle the fluid in and out of the abdomen at night.

The most common side effects of peritoneal dialysis are infections in the abdominal cavity or in the area where the tube was implanted. Other side effects may include weight gain and hernias. A hernia is when the intestine pushes through a weak spot or tear in the lower abdominal wall.

“Once diagnosed, it is not uncommon for the disease to persist. Follow your doctor’s advice and adopt a lifestyle with health-promoting benefits to maintain your kidneys health. Over time, the disease can get worse. It may lead to failure of the kidneys. If left unaddressed, life threateningKidney failure can be a problem.”

When your kidneys are not working, you have to take action. The function of the kidneys is managed through the use of a process called edysis. The machine that is used to remove waste from your blood is called dysiac. Your doctor may recommend a transplant.

“Some risk factors for the disease can’t be controlled. You can not control ethnicity, which can be an indicator of your risk of developing a disease.”

There are things you can do to prevent the disease.

  • drink a lot of water.
  • If you have diabetes, you should be able to manage your blood sugar.
  • You can manage your blood pressure.
  • Salt intake should be reduced.
  • If you smoke, quit.

Be careful with over-the-counter drugs

Dosage instructions for over-the-counter medications are always followed. Taking too much aspirin can cause damage to the kidneys. If the normal doses of these medications are not managing your pain effectively, you should call your doctor.

Get tested

Ask your doctor about getting a blood test for kidney problems. Kidney problems generally don’t cause symptoms until they’re more advanced. A basic metabolic panel (BMP) is a standard blood test that can be done as part of a routine medical exam.

It checks your blood for urea and creatinine. These are chemicals that leak into the blood when the kidneys are malfunctioning. When it is easier to treat, a BMP can detect early problems with the kidneys.

If you have, you should be tested annually.

  • There is a disease called diabetes.
  • The heart disease is very serious.
  • high blood pressure.

Limit certain foods

Certain types of stones can be caused by different chemicals in your food. These include:

  • excessive salt.
  • The meat is animal protein.
  • The fruit with the most bicic acid are oranges, lemons, and grapefruits.
  • oxalate is found in many vegetables and fruits.

Ask about calcium

Talk with your doctor before taking a supplement. Calcium supplements have been linked to an increased risk of stones.