We accumulate bone mass from childhood into early adulthood and beyond. But after age 40, our bone mass declines, leaving us at risk of osteoporosis.

Osteoporosis meansporous bones. The bones become brittle from the loss of mass and density.

The decrease in the hormone estrogen during menopause causes osteoporosis in women. This hormone is important in bone health.

“A decrease in estrogen causes a decline in new bone formation and an increase in bone resorption. If your body can’t create new bone as quickly as it’s losing bone, you may have osteoporosis.”

Treatments can help strengthen bone and slow the breakdown of bone, even though osteoporosis has no cure. This may include lifestyle changes, such as quitting smoking, and prescription medication.

The facts and statistics on osteoporosis and its connection to bone health are discussed in this article.