Extreme mood shifts are a symptom of the mental health condition, bi-lateral disorder.

There are other mental health conditions that exist on a spectrum. There are three types.

  • I have a disorder of the mind.
  • There is a disorder called bipolar II.
  • The word cyclothymic is derived from the Greek word forthymic.

Not every person with bipolar disorder fits neatly into these categories. This can make getting an accurate diagnosis and effective treatment challenging.

People with mild or few symptoms may refer to their condition as “partial bipolar disorder” or “soft bipolar disorder.” These descriptors may be useful to you. But they’re not actual diagnostic terms.

The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 5th edition has additional terms to account for these types of bipolar disorder.

  • Other disorders of the brain.
  • There are related disorders.

In this article, we will look at the symptoms of each type of bipolar disorder and discover how some may or may not be present.

The moods of bipolar disorder

  • Mania is the high of bipolar disorder. Mania can cause feelings of euphoria and intense irritability. You may feel highly energized, reckless, and invincible during an episode of mania. In severe cases, you may need to be hospitalized.
  • Hypomania is a less extreme form of mania. Hypomanic episodes are usually shorter, less intense, and don’t disrupt your life as much as manic episodes. You usually won’t need to be hospitalized.
  • Depression is the low of bipolar disorder. You may experience a loss of energy, motivation, and interest in activities you usually enjoy. It may also cause you to sleep too little or too much.

Bipolar disorder presents as a spectrum of conditions. This means that the intensity and frequency of symptoms like mania, hypomania, and depression can vary from person to person. Sometimes, the hallmark symptoms may even be absent.

The following are the primary types of bipolar disorder.

Bipolar I disorder

The manic episodes of Bipolar I last for at least a week at a time.

Mania can affect your sleep patterns. It can also cause you to engage in risky behaviors or to make decisions you wouldn’t typically make. In some instances, severe mania may trigger a psychotic break (break from reality).

I have people with bipolar who need hospitalization for symptom relief.

You can receive a diagnosis for I have a disorder of the mind. with or without depression.

Bipolar II disorder

If your high moods don’t quite meet the criteria for mania, your mental health professional may consider a diagnosis of There is a disorder called bipolar II..

Bipolar II is characterized by episodes of hypomania and depression. You may experience extreme and intense depression before or after having a hypomanic episode. People with There is a disorder called bipolar II. may feel deeply depressed and hopeless for extended periods.

Depression can appear with a number of symptoms.

  • fatigue
  • insomnia
  • There are pains and aches.
  • suicidal thoughts

Cyclothymia (cyclothymic disorder)

If you have rapid changes in mood but you don’t experience extreme highs or lows, you may be diagnosed with cyclothymia.

People with cyclothymia have milder depression than those with the more serious disorders. Your moods may be affected by long periods of stability.

If you have mild depression or hypomania for at least 2 years in adults or 1 year in children, you can get a diagnosis.

Even though it is milder than a disorder like I or II, cyclothymia requires ongoing treatment to manage symptoms. Medical professionals use a variety of drugs to treat this condition.

To review what we know so far.

Mania Hypomania Depression
Bipolar I disorder yes no maybe
Bipolar II disorder no yes yes
Cyclothymia no yes mild

Other specified or There are related disorders.

According to the National Alliance on Mental Illness (NAMI), other specified and There are related disorders. occur when someone doesn’t meet the criteria for any of the three conditions but still has periods of clinically significant and unusual mood elevation.

Examples include:

  • Mild or short hypomanic episodes with depression can be.
  • Hypomania without depression.
  • The cyclothymia can last for less than 2 years.

The same treatment is given to these types of disorder. Your mental health professional can advise you on lifestyle changes, such as regular exercise or eliminating drugs and alcohol.

The DSM-5 isn’t the only manual that seeks to define mental health conditions. The International Classification of Diseases from the World Health Organization (WHO), now on its 11th edition (ICD-11), has its own terminology. As one 2020 study explains, the ICD-11 is important because medical providers and insurance companies often use it.

The ICD-11 often refers to bipolar disorder in partial remission. This means your symptoms no longer meet all of the criteria for a manic, hypomanic, or depressive episode, but you still have some symptoms involving your mood or behavior.

It’s not clear how long symptoms need to be reduced for you to be in partial remission. An older 2017 study defined remission as reduced symptoms for at least 1 week. It also defined sustained remission as 8 to 12 weeks with minimal symptoms.

A return to full symptoms is a result of a long period of remission.

You and your doctor should discuss the risks and benefits of altering your medication regimen during periods of remission.

A physical exam and psychological evaluation can be performed by your healthcare professional. There is no test for the disorder.

Other health conditions will be ruled out by your mental health professional. They will look at the drugs you are taking.

Some health conditions and medications can cause symptoms also seen in bipolar disorder, such as depression, anxiety, and irritability. Health conditions with symptoms that mimic bipolar disorder include hyperthyroidism.

A specialist will ask about a psychological evaluation.

  • Your symptom history.
  • Family history of mental health issues.
  • Drug and alcohol use are some of your lifestyle habits.
  • Do you have thoughts about suicide?

You will receive a questionnaire to fill out. This will give your healthcare professional information about your symptoms and how they affect you.

If your mental health professional believes that you have a form of bipolar disorder, they will discuss their findings with you and give you a treatment plan.

There are lifelong conditions of the bicyle that can be managed. The changes in mood caused by the disorders can happen occasionally or often.

A treatment plan is needed to manage both conditions. Treatment consists of counseling plus medications, such as antianxiety drugs, mood stabilizers, and antidepressants. Specialists may use antipsychotics to treat I have a disorder of the mind..

Drug and alcohol use can be eliminated in order to help symptom management.

Alternative treatments for the disorder are available.

Symptoms of mental health disorders, such as rapid changes in mood and depression, are also seen with the disorder. Some of the conditions have similar symptoms.

Can you have bipolar disorder without mania?

“Yes. It doesn’t always need to be present to be a hallmark symptom of bipolar disorder. mania will always be a feature of the disorder.”

A person with There is a disorder called bipolar II. may not experience mania but must have experienced at least hypomania (mild manic symptoms).

Can you have bipolar disorder without depression?

Yes. Although most people with I have a disorder of the mind. will likely have symptoms that meet the criteria for depression, it’s not necessary for a diagnosis. The DSM-5 defines bipolar I as having mania with or without depression.

A diagnosis of There is a disorder called bipolar II. requires at least one episode of major depression.

Is bipolar disorder a lifelong condition?

Yes. There are periods of symptom-free or nearly symptom-free remission in the case of Bipolar disorder. There is no cure for the disorder.

Living with a disorder can make you feel exhausted and depressed. It can cause mania or high energy. If you have any symptoms of this condition, you should see a mental health specialist.

If you have a mental health condition, your mental health specialist can determine if you have a disorder. They can provide you with treatment that can help you.

Beyond your mental health specialist or care team, there are other sources of support. Friends and relatives can be strong support, and several support groups are available.