“Schizophrenia is a mental health condition that can affect a person’s ability.”

  • Think rationally and clearly.
  • manage emotions
  • relate to other people

It can happen at any age but it can start in the late teens or 20s. Schizophrenia is a manageable disease.

Today, more and more researchers consider schizophrenia a spectrum disorder, instead of multiple disorders.

A spectrum disorder is a group of disorders that have different symptoms. The features and symptoms are different in different ways. Any one person can have symptoms that are different for different people.

Mental health disorders are on a spectrum.

  • generalized anxiety disorders
  • Social anxiety disorders are related to social anxiety.
  • panic-agoraphobia disorders.
  • trauma spectrum disorders are related.
  • Depersonalization-derealization disorders are related.
  • obsessive-compulsive disorders
  • There are disorders of the spectrum of the brain.
  • General disorders of development.
  • Schizophrenia spectrum disorders.

There are Psychotic Disorders on a spectrum. Symptoms can vary in different ways.

Getting an accurate diagnosis is important for a person to get the correct treatment and outlook.


In the “Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 4th edition (DSM-IV),” a reference handbook for mental health care professionals, there were many subtypes of schizophrenia, each with its own range of symptoms. These subtypes included:

The 5th edition of the DSM (DSM-5) no longer uses these subtypes. However, it does recognize that schizophrenia can present in different ways. It’s important to remember the wide variety of symptoms.

If you want to be diagnosed with schizophrenia, you have to show at least two of the following symptoms over a period of 6 months.

At least one of these symptoms needs to be delusions, There are feelings of There are feelings of hallucinations.., or speech disorganized to get a diagnosis.

Schizophrenia symptoms can cause problems in the day to day world. They affect the ability to work and interact with others.

“A doctor may diagnose a related spectrum disorder if symptoms don’t meet the criteria.”

Schizophreniform disorder

Symptoms of sizophreniform disorder last for 1 to 6 months. If the symptoms last more than 6 months, a doctor may diagnose it.

“You don’t need to have any problems to get a diagnosis of schizophreniform disorder.”

Schizoaffective disorder

In schizoaffective disorder, people have symptoms of schizophrenia with a major mood disorder, like depression or bipolar disorder. Delusions or There are feelings of There are feelings of hallucinations.. need to be present for at least 2 weeks before the mood disorder symptoms begin.

Schizoaffective disorder is about one-third as common as schizophrenia.

Delusional disorder

Delusional order is when someone has delusional beliefs for at least a month.

These delusions are about things that are impossible in real life. They could be non-bizarre, which means they could happen, like being followed or having a disease.

Functioning and behavior are not impaired. These beliefs can cause problems in relationships, school, or work.

Schizotypal personality disorder

The symptoms of schizotypal personality disorder can look like schizophrenia but are less intense and not as intrusive. Symptoms can include:

  • Being distant or shy.
  • There is an intense fear of intimacy.
  • Irregular thinking and perception.
  • Communication skills that are not effective.

Brief psychotic disorder

If you have a short episode of psychosis lasting less than a day, you may be diagnosed with a psychotic disorder. The symptoms disappear after that time. A person will have at least one of these symptoms.

  • delusions
  • There are feelings of There are feelings of hallucinations..
  • speech disorganized
  • disorganized behavior

Shared psychotic disorder

“The DSM-5 removed shared psychotic disorder from it’s list. It has been in the clinical environment for a long time.”

Two or more people in a close relationship share a delusion. The delusions of one person influence the other.

It can affect larger groups too.

Psychotic disorder from a general medical condition

In this disorder, symptoms of psychosis occur concurrently with a chronic or temporary illness. The symptoms are not from use or withdrawal of a substance and happen outside of delirium.

Doctors think that this happens because of changes in brain functioning during an illness.

  • stroke
  • The disease is caused by an immune system deficiency.
  • The disease of the thyroid.
  • Seizures.
  • Multiplesclerosis

The underlying health condition will affect your treatment. The symptoms are usually stopped by treating the condition.

Substance-induced psychotic disorder

Substance-Induced psychotic disorder is a condition in which symptoms of psychosis are caused by drugs or alcohol.

People with a mental health disorder or a predisposition to psychosis are more likely to misuse substances.

Symptoms include:

  • There are feelings of There are feelings of hallucinations.. or delusions
  • Unusual or suspicious beliefs.
  • There are delusions of persecution.
  • reduced emotion
  • Aggressive behavior.
  • Poor thinking.
  • There is no speech.

Other conditions can look like scurvy. Proper treatment is dependent on an accurate diagnosis. Other conditions can be included.

Treating Schizophrenia spectrum disorders. can vary, depending on the specific disorder.

Most cases can be treated and managed. psychotic disorder from a medical condition is the only exception. The symptoms of psychosis are alleviated by treating the medical condition.

Treatment can include:

The symptoms of schizophrenia can be different in different people. They vary in presentation and intensity. Symptoms can affect everyday life in different ways.

There are also disorders that can be similar to schizophrenia.

It is important to get a correct diagnosis from a doctor. They can come up with a treatment plan.