The overview is about what happened.
A spinal stroke – also called a spinal cord stroke – occurs when the blood supply to a section of the spinal cord is cut off. The spinal cord is part of the central nervous system (CNS), which also includes the brain.
“The affected part of the spine can’t get enough oxygen and blood. The tissues may be damaged and unable to send messages to the rest of the body. The nerve impulses are important for controlling activities of the body, such as moving the arms and legs.”
The majority of spinal strokes are caused by a blockage in the blood vessels that supply blood to the spinal cord, such as a blood clot. These are called ischemic spinal strokes. A small number of spinal strokes are caused by bleeds. These are called hemorrhagic spinal strokes.
A spinal stroke is different than a stroke that affects the brain. In a brain stroke, the blood supply to a part of the brain decreases. Spinal strokes are much less common than strokes that affect the brain, accounting for no more than 1 percent of all strokes.
The symptoms of a stroke are dependent on how much damage is done to the spine.
In most cases, symptoms will appear suddenly, but they may come on hours after the stroke occurs. Symptoms
- There was sudden and severe neck or back pain.
- The legs have weakness in them.
- Problems with the bladder and the bowel.
- There is numbness.
- The sensations are very strong.
- It was not possible to feel heat or cold.
- Difficult speaking
- Vision problems.
- There is confusion.
- A throbbing head.
A spinal stroke is caused by a disruption in the blood supply to part of the spinal cord. Most of the time, this is a result of a
As we age, the arteries are usually narrow. People with these conditions are more likely to have narrowed or weakened arteries.
- high blood pressure.
- high cholesterol
- The heart disease is very serious.
- “It’s obese.”
- There is a disease called diabetes.
A blood clot can block one of the arteries that supply the spine. A blood clot can form anywhere in the body and travel in the bloodstream until it gets stuck in an arteriosclerotic arteriosclerotic arteriosclerotic arteriosclerotic arteriosclerotic arteriosclerotic arteriosclerotic arteriosclerotic arteriosclerotic arteriosclerotic arteriosclerotic arteriosclerotic arteriosclero This is referred to as a stroke.
A smaller percentage of spinal strokes occur when one of the blood vessels supplying the spinal cord bursts open and starts bleeding. The cause of this type of spinal stroke, also called a hemorrhagic stroke, is high blood pressure. or an aneurysm that bursts. An aneurysm is a bulge in the wall of the artery.
A spinal stroke is less common than the following conditions.
- There are tumors, including spineomas.
- There are malformations of the spine.
- A gunshot wound is an injury.
- There are infections around the spine like an abscess.
- The cord of the spine.
- Abdominal or heart surgery is done.
A spinal stroke in a child is exceedingly rare. The cause of a spinal stroke in children is different from those in adults. Most of the time, a spinal stroke in a child is caused by either an injury to the spinal cord or a congenital condition that causes problems with the blood vessels or affects blood clotting. Congenital conditions that may cause spinal strokes in children include:
- cavernous malformations causes small clusters of abnormal, enlarged blood vessels that bleed occasionally.
- arteriovenous malformations, an abnormal tangle of vessels in the brain or spinal cord
- Moyamoya disease is a rare condition that causes arteries at the base of the brain to be narrowed.
- Inflammation of the blood vessels is called vasculitis.
- There are disorders of clotting.
- lack of vitamin K
- infections, such as bacterial meningitis
- There is a blood disorder called sickle cell anemia.
- umbilical artery catheter in a newborn
- A problem with heart surgery.
The cause of the stroke is unknown in some cases.
The initial symptoms of a stroke can indicate other conditions, so it can be hard to diagnose.
For this reason, at the hospital, a doctor will likely ask about your medical history and perform a physical exam in order to rule out other conditions that could be putting pressure on the spinal cord, like a slipped disc, tumor, or an abscess.
If your doctor suspects a problem with the spinal cord, they will likely have you do a magnetic resonance imaging scan, commonly referred to as an MRI.
However, there are cases when a spinal stroke does not show up on an MRI image, which means that spinal strokes are more likely to be diagnosed quite late.
Treatment is meant to treat the cause of the stroke and reduce symptoms.
- To treat a blood clot, you may be prescribed medications known as antiplatelet and anticoagulant drugs, such as heparin and warfarin (Coumadin). These drugs reduce the chance of another clot forming.
- For high or low blood pressure, you may be prescribed a medication that normalizes your blood pressure.
- If the stroke was caused by a tumor, the swelling can be reduced with the use of corticosteroids. The tumor will be removed.
- If you become paralyzed or lose sensation in certain parts of your body, you may need physical and occupational therapy to preserve your muscles.
- If you have bladder incontinence, you may need to use a urinary catheter.
If you smoke, you will be asked to stop. A balanced and healthy diet rich in fruits, vegetables, and whole grains is what you should be eating to improve your cholesterol levels.
The part of the spine affected by the problem is what causes the most problems. If the blood supply to the front of the spine is reduced, you can be permanently paralyzed.
- breathing difficulties
- There is permanent paralysis.
- There are incontinence issues with the bladder and bowel.
- Sexual function.
- The pain is not related to the main cause.
- There is a loss of sensation in certain parts of the body.
- spasticity or lack of muscle tone are some of the problems with muscle tone.
The recovery and outlook depends on how much of the spine is affected.
It is possible to make a full recovery over time. Many people who have a stroke will need to use a urinary catheter.
A variety of research studies show that approximately
What happens when you have a spinal stroke?
“If you have a stroke, it means the blood supply to the part of the brain that controls movement is cut off. The spine can’t get oxygen and nutrition.”
Can you survive a spinal stroke?
A spinal cord stroke is a life threatening condition with an approximate mortality rate of
How rare is a spinal stroke?
A spinal cord stroke is extremely rare. Research shows that only about 0.3-1 percent of all strokes are spinal strokes.
A part of the spine can be damaged by a blood vessel bursting or by a blood supply being cut off. This is different from a brain stroke in that the impact is on the brain.
There are very few spine cord strokes. They can cause major problems such as paralysis.
Many people who have a spinal stroke can recover and see a significant improvement in their symptoms over time.