Diabetes is a group of conditions where the body cannot produce enough or anyinsulin, cannot properly use it, or cannot do a combination of either.

“The body can’t get sugar from the blood into its cells when there are these things. High blood sugar levels can be caused by this.”

One of the main sources of energy for you is the form of sugar in your blood. A lack ofinsulin resistance and a build up of sugar in your blood are related. This can cause health problems.

The three main types of diabetes are:

Type 1 diabetes

Type 1 diabetes is believed to be an autoimmune condition. This means your immune system mistakenly attacks and destroys the beta cells in your pancreas that produce insulin. The damage is permanent.

The attacks are not clear. There may be both genetic and environmental reasons. Lifestyle factors are not thought to be a factor.

Type 2 diabetes

Diabetes starts out as a resistance to the drug. Your body cannot useinsulin efficiently, which causes your pancreas to produce moreinsulin until it cannot keep up with demand High blood sugar is caused by the decrease in the production of the hormones in the body.

There is no known cause of type 2 diabetes. Contribute factors may include:

  • Genetics
  • A more sedentary lifestyle.
  • Higher weight or obese.

There may be environmental reasons.

Gestational diabetes

Gestational diabetes is caused by insulin-blocking hormones that are produced during pregnancy.

This type of diabetes only happens during birth. It is often seen in people with a family history of diabetes.

About 50 percent of people diagnosed with Gestational diabetes can occur. go on to develop type 2 diabetes.

There are general symptoms of diabetes.

There are patches of discolored skin in your neck and armpits. Since type 2 diabetes takes longer to diagnose, you may experience more symptoms at the time of the diagnosis.

Type 1 diabetes often develops more quickly and can cause symptoms like weight loss or a condition called diabetic ketoacidosis. Diabetic ketoacidosis can occur when you have very high blood sugar but little or no insulin in your body.

Both types of diabetes can be seen at any age, but type 1 is more common in children and young adults.

People over the age of 45 are more likely to have type 2. Younger people are being diagnosed with type 2 diabetes due to sedentary lifestyles and an increase in weight.

About 37.3 million people in the United States have diabetes. About 5 to 10 percent have type 1 diabetes, while 90 to 95 percent have type 2 diabetes.

Another 84.1 million people are thought to have prediabetes. But most people with prediabetes do not know they have the condition.

“When your blood sugar is too high, it’s prediabetes.”

If you have a family history of diabetes, you are more likely to develop it.

Other risk factors for type 2 diabetes include:

  • Having a sedentary lifestyle.
  • Living with extra weight or obese.
  • having had Gestational diabetes can occur. or prediabetes

Over time, diabetes-related problems develop. Blood sugar levels that are poorly managed can lead to serious problems.

There are chronic problems.

  • It can lead to a heart attack or stroke.
  • eye problems (retinopathy)
  • Skin conditions or infections.
  • nerve damage (neuropathy)
  • kidney damage (nephropathy)
  • There are amputations due to vessel disease.

Type 2 diabetes may increase the risk of developing Alzheimer’s disease, especially if your blood sugar is not well managed.

Complications in pregnancy

High blood sugar levels can increase the risk of stillbirth.

You need to work with your doctor to manage your diabetes.

The main goal is to keep your blood sugar levels within your range. Your doctor will tell you what your target range should be. Targets are determined by the type of diabetes, age, and presence of complications.

If you have Gestational diabetes can occur., your blood sugar targets will be lower than people with other types of diabetes.

Diabetes management involves physical activity. Ask your doctor how much time you should spend on aerobic exercise. Diet is important.

You need to monitor your cholesterol and blood pressure.

Treating type 1

People with type 1 diabetes have to take the drug to live. There are different types ofinsulin available.

The skin is injected with the drug. Your doctor will show you how to inject and inject again. Aninsulin pump is a device that can be programmed to release a specific dose, and it can also be worn outside.

Continuous bloodglucose monitors can be used to check your sugar 24 hours a day.

You’ll need to monitor your blood sugar levels throughout the day. If necessary, you may also need to take medication to manage cholesterol, high blood pressure., or other complications.

Treating type 2

Sometimes type 2 diabetes can be reversed with diet and exercise. It can be treated with a variety of drugs.

The first-line medication is usually metformin (Glumetza, Glucophage, Fortamet, Riomet). This drug works by reducing glucose production in the liver. If metformin does not work, your doctor can prescribe another medication.

You will need to keep a constant watch on your blood sugar levels. You may need to take medication to manage cholesterol and blood pressure.

There is no known way to prevent type 1 diabetes.

If you do, you can lower your risk of type 2 diabetes.

  • You can focus on a diet that is rich in vitamins and minerals.
  • You should exercise regularly.
  • avoid smoking, high triglycerides, and low HDL cholesterol levels

If you have Gestational diabetes can occur. or prediabetes, these habits can delay or prevent the onset of type 2 diabetes.

There is no cure for type 1 diabetes. It requires lifelong disease management. You may be able to avoid more serious problems with consistent monitoring and adherence to treatment.

If you work closely with your doctor, you can make healthy lifestyle choices that can help manage type 2 diabetes.

If you have Gestational diabetes can occur., it will likely resolve after your baby is born. However, you do have a higher risk of developing type 2 diabetes later in life.