The liver makes lysosomal enzymes. The amount of these genes in your blood is a good indicator of your health. There are cases where elevated liver levels do not mean a serious disease or damage.
Sometimes, hormones and reactions to medications can cause elevated levels of the bile duct. The elevated levels caused by these factors will usually return to normal in about 2 to 4 weeks.
Your liver makes proteins called liver enzymes that help your body perform necessary functions. For instance, liver enzymes help your body:
- Fight infections.
- Make clotting factors that are needed for blood.
- Break down the food you eat.
- Break down the toxins.
Your body makes several different types of bile.
- Aspartate transaminase is a type of transaminidase.
- ALP is a phosphatase.
- Alanine transaminase is a type of transaminase.
- The GGT is a glutamyl transferase.
“The levels of your liver’sidases are a good indicator of how well it is functioning. A panel test checks your blood levels of the lysosomal acid lysosomal subgroup.”
A healthcare professional might order this test as part of routine blood work, as a way to monitor you if you’re at risk for liver disease, or as a diagnostic test if you have symptoms of liver disease or liver damage.
There are many reasons for the levels of the lysosomal acid drugs to change. Some causes will be resolved on their own. Other causes will require medical treatment.
There are temporary causes of changes in the levels of the liver enzyme.
- Hormones: Fluctuations in your liver levels can occur during your menstrual cycle and pregnancy.
- Certain medications: Some medications, including acetaminophen, antibiotics, and some cholesterol-lowering medications, can elevate your liver enzyme levels.
- Herbal supplements: Supplements such as iron, vitamin A, comfrey, and chaparral can elevate liver enzyme levels.
- Alcohol: Heavy drinking can raise your liver enzyme levels.
The causes of elevated liver enzyme levels are more likely to be chronic.
- Fatty liver disease: Heavy alcohol use, obesity, and a range of other factors can cause fatty liver disease. No matter the cause, fatty liver disease raises your liver enzyme levels.
- Hemochromatosis: Hemochromatosis is a rare condition that occurs when your body builds up too much iron. Elevated liver enzyme levels can be a symptom of the condition.
- All types of hepatitis: Any type of hepatitis, including hepatitis A, hepatitis B, hepatitis C, autoimmune hepatitis, and alcoholic hepatitis, causes liver inflammation and elevated liver enzymes.
- Cirrhosis: Cirrhosis is chronic liver damage. This damage causes elevated levels of liver enzymes.
- Liver cancer: Cancer that impacts your liver will also affect your liver enzyme levels.
- Hemolysis: Hemolysis is a type of anemia that occurs when your red blood cells are destroyed. It’s sometimes seen with alcohol-related liver diseases, and it can cause changes to liver enzyme levels.
- Thyroid disease: Hyperthyroidism can sometimes cause high levels of liver enzymes.
- Metabolic syndrome: Metabolic syndrome is a term that refers to a group of conditions that raise your risk of diabetes, heart disease, and stroke. These conditions include high blood pressure, high cholesterol, high blood sugar, and carrying excess weight around your midsection. People with metabolic syndrome may also have elevated liver levels.
The threshold for what is considered an elevated level depends on a number of factors. Below are some standard thresholds.
- AST: under 36 U/L
- ALP: between 20 and 140 U/L
- ALT: under 25 U/L for women or under 33 U/L for men
- GGT: between 5 and 40 U/L
A test for the function of the liver might be useful.
- Albumin: between 35 and 50 U/L
- Bilirubin: between 0.1 and 1.2 mg/dl
These values are important chemicals that are made by your body.
A liver function test is a standard blood draw. It can be done during a regular office visit. You don’t generally need any special preparation before a liver function test, although a doctor might ask you to fast for 12 to 24 hours before the blood draw. You can read more about liver function tests here.
The treatment for elevated liver enzymes depends on the cause. In many cases, liver enzyme levels return to normal on their own within about a month. You might need to switch medications, stop taking a supplement, or cut back on drinking if you drink, but you will not need a treatment plan.
In some cases, your doctor might need to treat the condition that is raising your levels of bile acids. They might order more tests to get a better look at your tests. They might order a liver transplant. You might be referred to a specialist based on your results. Treatment will depend on your final diagnosis
If you’re concerned your liver enzyme levels might be elevated, you might consider making some lifestyle changes at home, such as:
- Reducing or eliminating alcohol from your diet is a possibility.
- “It’s important to be cautious about the medications and supplements you take.”
- Staying active is a must.
- trying to add liver-friendly foods to your diet
- Maintaining a moderate weight.
“Your liver’s health is determined by the levels of lysosomal acid drugs. If your levels of the enzyme are too high, it’s a sign of a disease.”
Some causes of elevated liver levels, such as hormonal changes or certain medications, are temporary and might resolve without treatment. Other causes can include diseases such as cirrhosis, hepatitis C, and liver cancer.
“Treatment for high levels of the bile duct’s bile duct enzymes depends on the cause.”