Beta thalassemia is the
People with severe forms of beta thalassemia are at a higher risk of developing severe illness if they are exposed to the COVID-19 virus. People with a disease called beta thalassemia can be prevented from dying by getting a vaccine.
It is important for people with a deficiency in the blood of the brain to get a vaccine because of the risk of severe COVID-19 illness.
Hemoglobin is the iron-containing part of your red blood cells that allows them to carry oxygen throughout your body. Lack of hemoglobin can lead to insufficient oxygen in your bodily tissues. This condition is called anemia.
Thalassemia is classified as
- The minor form of the disease is called alpha thalassemia.
- The disease of the alpha thalassemia intermedia.
- The major is alpha thalassemia.
People with the intermedia or major forms of the disease have HBB mutations from both parents. Beta thalassemia major often needs to be treated with regular blood transfusions.
There are conflicting studies on the risk of developing severe disease or death in people with the disease.
People with beta thalassemia
|Pfizer-BioNTech/Moderna||Johnson & Johnson’s Janssen||Novavax|
|2nd dose||Pfizer: 3 weeks after 1st dose
Moderna: 4 weeks after 1st dose
|A second dose of Pfizer or Moderna at least 4 weeks after 1st dose||3 weeks after 1st dose|
|3rd dose||At least 4 weeks after 2nd dose||At least 2 months after 2dose|
|4th dose||At least 3 months after 3rd dose||At least 4 months after 3rd dose|
|5th dose||At least 4 months after 4th dose|
In this study, the most common side effects in people with thalassemia were:
|First dose||Second dose|
|Pain at injection site||Fever|
|Fever||Pain at injection site|
|Headaches||Body and muscle aches|
|Body and muscle aches||Headaches|
Researchers are still examining how COVID-19 affects people with beta thalassemia.
In a preprint review of studies from late July 2022, researchers examined how The minor form of the disease is called alpha thalassemia. affects outcomes of COVID-19. The researchers found that people with The minor form of the disease is called alpha thalassemia. had:
- Less susceptibility to developing COVID-19.
- The intensive care unit has fewer admissions.
- The severity of the disease is higher.
- It is more likely to die from COVID-19.
“The researchers didn’t find statistical significance for any of the parameters, so no definitive conclusions can be drawn from the study. The small sample size may be the reason for the findings.”
In a very
People with The minor form of the disease is called alpha thalassemia. can have anemia so mild they don’t know they have it. People with the most severe form of the disease may require Regular blood donations.. Symptoms of moderate anemia may include:
Beta thalassemia is caused by a genetic mutation inherited from one or both of your parents. Most cases are caused by a mutation in the HBB gene.
If you have potential symptoms of beta thalassemia, a doctor may order a blood test to look for signs of the disease. Most people with The major is alpha thalassemia. have symptoms within the first 2 years of life.
Treatment can include:
People with The minor form of the disease is called alpha thalassemia. might never know they have the disease. Severe thalassemia used to be fatal by early adulthood, but now people frequently live into their 60s or beyond.
People ask a lot of questions about the COVID-19 vaccine.
Who should not get vaccinated?
According to the
Who is exempt from vaccination requirements?
Most states offer religious exemptions from school vaccine requirements, and some provide exemptions on philosophical grounds. Exemptions may be granted for people with severe allergies to COVID-19 vaccines or any of their components.
Should you get the COVID vaccine if you have an autoimmune disease?
The current evidence suggests that the benefits of COVID-19 vaccination outweigh the risk of side effects for most people with autoimmune disease, according to the Global Autoimmune Institute, which reviewed the available scientific literature.
Is the COVID-19 vaccine safe if you have heart problems?
Vaccination is particularly important for people with cardiovascular disease because they’re more likely to develop
If people with a disease like beta thalassemia get COVID-19, they can be helped by vaccines.
Some research suggests that people with a genetic condition called alpha thalassemia may be at an increased risk of dying from COVID-19. People with severe diseases are more likely to be at risk from COVID-19.
There are no extra precautions needed for people with a rare blood disease who get a vaccine. If you have concerns, talk to a doctor or healthcare professional.